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Splash! Spring 2013
Course Catalog


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Biological and Medical Science Engineering
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You are currently viewing the course catalog from our last Splash program.

Please note that the classes offered will change from program to program. The topics offered depend entirely on what our volunteer teachers choose to teach. We cannot guarantee that any class topic below will be offered at our next Splash.



Biological and Medical Science

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B2728: How to Distinguish Medical Knowledge from Hoaxes?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kun-Hsing Yu

There are lots of newspaper articles talking about the "recent advances in health sciences". Some suggest that "beer helps to prevent cancer", others assert "beer increases risks of getting cancer". Which one should we believe?

How do doctors decide what to do when coming across contrary scientific evidences? And what doctors don't know about the surgery they perform or the drugs they prescribe?

We will do some hands-on experiments on drawing conclusions in the world of uncertainty, and take a quick survey of current methodologies in medical sciences.


Prerequisites
Have flipped coins, or played any other games involving probability or uncertainty.

B2793: Chocolate Food of theGods
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Howard Peters

A fun talk on the chemistry biology, biochemistry, history, resources, trivial connections, etc.
Some chocolate samples will be provided for evaluation.
A free drawing for bitter chocolate
items will be held for those who stay to the "bitter" end.


Prerequisites
none

B2815: Coral Reef Ecology
Difficulty: **

This course will explore everything you have ever wanted to know about coral reef ecosystems. Students will be introduced to what a reef is, how they work, and why they are important.


Prerequisites
No prerequisites, but having seen Finding Nemo beforehand is highly encouraged!

B2850: A brief introduction to population genetics

The human genome is comprised of three billion base pairs, of which, over 99% are identical across the entire human population. Only a very small fraction of the genome harbors any variation. It is this small, variable fraction that plays an important role in natural selection and can inform us about past human demographic events including migrations, changes in population size, and the mixing of different populations.

As a result of the decreasing price of genomic sequencing technologies and its accessibility to the public, we have entered an exciting era of personalized genomics and medicine. How can we interpret this newly available genomic data, including our own genomes? In this course, we will learn about the signatures of genetic variation that can help us understand our susceptibility to diseases and our human demographic history.


Prerequisites
High school. Some math and biology useful but not necessary.

B2690: In a Pickle
Difficulty: *

Ever wonder how pickles, kimchi, sauerkraut and other delicious things in jars were made? This is the class for you! We'll walk through the steps of preparing a jar full of goodness -- fruits and veggies and spices -- and you'll leave with your very own, handmade jar of pickles. In the process, you'll learn what's really going on inside that jar: the organisms and the science that create delicious fermented foods.


Prerequisites
Comfortable using a kitchen knife to cut vegetables.

B2768: The Microscopic World
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jillynne Quinn

Have you ever wondered about tiny things in life? What does our world look like up close? Come to this introduction on microscopy, and together we'll discover a whole other dimension in the world.

This class will have a brief introduction on the principles of microscopy. We will then explore a number of biological and material samples. Students can suggest ideas for imaging and even bring samples themselves (conditional upon permission from the teacher)!

The goal of this class is to leave you with a greater appreciation for the beauty of the microscopic world.

B2787: Neuroscience of Pleasure, Pain and Purpose
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

What motivates us? What systems in the brain drive us one way or another? Why did I just check Facebook again?

In this talk, you’ll learn about sex (now I have your attention :P), addiction, pornography, drugs, altruism, self-control, and even the meaning of life. You’ll learn about how dopamine and oxytocin work and why they matter. You’ll also get some practical advice on ways to boost willpower, develop good habits and break bad ones.

If you’ve got behaviors you’d like to change, you should take this course! :)

Rated PG-13 (for medical discussions on sex and pornography).


Prerequisites
Maturity. There will be discussions on sex and pornography; younger students may attend if they are respectful.

B2634: Finding a Cure for Cancer
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Melissa Ko

It has been more than forty years since President Nixon declared “war” on cancer, starting a nationwide effort to research and develop more effective treatments for cancer. So now, in 2012, many are wondering: where is the cure?

Learn about the complexities of cancer and tumor biology, the kinds of questions we are answering with research now, and why “finding a cure for cancer” is not as simple as it sounds.


Prerequisites
basic understanding of cell biology and cancer biology

B3012: Understand Evolution by Inventing LEGO Animals Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Yan Guo, Dawei Lin

Animals are Nature’s inventions through evolution, which is a process consisting of inventions, modifications and selections. In this class, you will be a master of LEGO animal kingdom to build amazing animals using evaluation principles.

B2755: Hepatitis B -- The Silent Epidemic
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Christina Wang

Learn about hepatitis B, because it is a serious problem that does not have the attention it deserves.

Hepatitis B affects 10 times more people than HIV/AIDS ; it is responsible for 80% of liver cancer cases!

And it is a problem right here in California. Hepatitis B affects 1 in 10 Asians and Pacific Islanders, a highly represented demographic.

Join us so we can learn about a serious public health issue and find out how we students can get involved. Let's get involved so we can make a difference!

B2786: Biofilms: the Wonderful World of Bacterial Communities
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Pascale Guiton

Bacteria are everywhere and similar to humans they communicate with each other and reside within “small houses”. Enroll for this course to learn about the exciting features of a bacterial village and how it is produced during diseases.


Prerequisites
An interest in biology and micro-organisms will be a plus

B2693: To Test or Not To Test? The Ethical Debates of Genetically Inherited Diseases
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ravali Reddy

If you could find out whether you will develop a disease with no known cure, would you want to know?

This course will provide an introduction to the science behind Huntington’s Disease, which is a genetically inherited disease that affects both the mind and the body. After an overview of cool topics like DNA and genetics, we will talk about genetic testing – what that is, and how it applies to parents or children who may have Huntington’s Disease. You will then use this knowledge to debate the ethical concerns that arise when screening for inherited diseases.

If your parents have Huntington’s Disease, would you get tested? If you were going to have children but did not know if you had the disease, would you get tested? Would you have kids if you tested positive?


Prerequisites
Some basic biology might be helpful, but we’ll provide a quick intro at the beginning of the course too!

B2751: HIV/AIDS: The History, The Virus, and The Present
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Devan Diwanji

Think you know what HIV is? Want to become an expert on HIV/AIDS? In this class, you can. In our informal seminar we aim to investigate the history of the domestic and global HIV/AIDS epidemic, mechanisms of viral transmission and cellular entry, and current research and preventative educational directions.


Prerequisites
One year of Life Sciences/Biology (recommended, but not necessary)

B2824: Bone Marrow Transplantation: The Case of Robin Roberts
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Suparna Dutt

When standard treatments fail to keep the Leukemia or Lymphoma from coming back, then bone marrow transplantation is the only curative option. After chemotherapy and radiation, bone marrow from a healthy donor is transplanted, and this provides a new healthy immune system that helps keep the cancer cells from reappearing. Good Morning America host Robin Roberts received a bone marrow transplant last year for this reason. Stanford researcher Dr. Suparna Dutt will give an overview of Bone Marrow Transplantation- Blood Stem Cell Therapy that has saved thousands of lives over the past 30 years.


Prerequisites
Grade 7 biology

B2892: Vertebrate Embryology
Difficulty: **

Isn’t it amazing that the trillions of cells in your body all descended from a single fertilized egg?! Even more remarkable is that the early embryos of ALL vertebrates (even of people) look essentially identical--a fact that scientists use to explore human development. For example, developmental biologists have utilized chick embryos as a model to study blood vessel development.

Come to this class to learn what developmental biologists are interested in and what they do on a daily basis. We hope you will leave with some experience in chick embryo culture techniques, dissection skills, and vertebrate anatomy. We will also briefly address the ethical use of animal models in basic research that is geared towards advancing human health.

B2915: The Body from the Inside

Medical students will take you through a tour of human anatomy. Note: students will learn with human cadavers, people who have died and donated their bodies to be studied by medical students. Students who are squeamish or uncomfortable around dead bodies should not enroll in this class.

B2976: Cancer and Stem Cells
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Dena Leeman

Come to this class to learn more about stem cells, cancer, the reasoning behind some of the ways we currently treat cancer, and some new discoveries in the cancer and stem cell fields!

B3016: Introduction to Ethology
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Brian Yang

Ethology is a branch of animal behavior that developed in Europe during the early and middle parts of the 20th century, and its basic premise is that behavior can only really be studied, not in the context of experimental studies, but in the natural habitat of an animal. This class will quickly go over the brief history of the development of ethology. There are many interesting and famous studies in this field, such as Lorenz's imprinting ducklings, Tinbergen's gull eggs and von Firsh's waggle of dance bees. However, I will specifically go into two studies on baboons and sunfish and focus on one of the most fundamental mechanisms underlying the whole evolutionary biology field--how do animals recognize their kin? If oxytocin, prolactin, or major histocompatibility rings a bell to you, that's great. If not, that's even better, because those biochem stuff bores me too. We will just go over the cognitive mechanism used by the animals to recognize their kins. This is a very interesting field filled with talented people and hard work, but you may be just like me not a hardcore ethologist. However, as you will see, this field has shredded lights on how human being behave the way they do, which is the stuff that excites me the most.

B3004: Microscopic Puzzles: How to Build an RNA
Difficulty: **

Just as a key must be the right shape to open a lock, the exact shapes of molecules in our bodies dictates their functions. One major type of molecule in our cells, RNA, is important for controlling how our genetic code makes us who we are, and understanding how RNA molecules fold into their proper shapes is a critical puzzle that scientists seek to solve.

Through a series of biology-inspired logic puzzles and discussions, learn about the challenges facing scientists who aim to be able to predict the shapes of RNA and design all-new RNAs to do exciting, original things.

B2675: Getting a ‘taste’ of experimental biology: DNA extraction from strawberries

In this section, students will get a basic introduction about the molecule that is the blueprint of life: DNA. After learning about some of its physical and biological properties, we will isolate DNA from strawberries, which you can then take home!

B2712: All That Glows: Bioluminescence, Phosphorescence, & Fluorescence
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sasha Denisin

Why and how do some animals and plants emit light? What is the chemistry behind glow sticks? What materials in glow-in-the-dark plastics, stickers, and paints enables them to emit energy for hours after being charged?

We will review the basics of (bio)chemical light emission and energy transfer from electromagnetic radiation. Get excited for some hands-on demos to understand why and how things glow!

B2737: Biology on TV!
Difficulty: **

You've seen it on House. You've seen it on Grey's Anatomy. Now you can see biology as you've never seen it before through the eyes of Stanford biologists! In this course we will examine biology in the media and find the scientific truth behind popular shows such as House, MD. Students will interact with training Stanford scientists to solve disease problems and learn biology basics at the level of cells, proteins and DNA!

Note: The material covered will be the same as the Biology on TV! course that took place in November


Prerequisites
High School Physical Science or comparable class required. Introductory Biology or Chemistry recommended.

B2748: “I’m HIV Positive”: A Brief Look into How HIV Infects and Affects Our Society
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Renaud Vann

This course will first quickly explore the basics of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)–covering what HIV is, how HIV is transmitted, and how HIV affects humans physiologically in the form of AIDS. With that basis, we can then explore how HIV has become a considerable problem in many countries, how our views about sexuality lead to discrimination against HIV positive people, why there are so many misconceptions about HIV/AIDS, and what has been done to slow the spread of disease.

B2754: Genes and Genetic Engineering
Difficulty: **

A basic introduction to the gene as the basic unit of biological function. We will also talk about the exciting prospect of using genetic engineering/synthetic biology to create a better world.


Prerequisites
Enthusiasm!

B2873: Sleep and Dreams
Difficulty: *

Based on Stanford's own Sleep and Dreams course, this class will inform you about the importance of sleep and elements of dreaming (including Lucid Dreaming).

B3013: Understand DNA Through LEGO and Games
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Yan Guo, Dawei Lin

DNA is a long molecule that carries the blueprints that build all living organisms including humans, plants and bacteria. You will learn what it looks like and how it works through Lego building and game playing.

B2658: Welcome to your Brain!
Difficulty: **

Ever wonder what makes you who you are? Or why there are wrinkles in the brain? Or if your fish has a brain? A hands-on introduction to the brain and its various functions. And a chance to ask your burning questions about the brain to a bunch of people studying it!

B2692: Stem Cells in Life & Disease
Difficulty: **

An introductory survey of stem cell biology in multicellular organisms, including worms, flies, lizards, fish, mice, and, of course, humans. We'll breeze through basic biological principles, then move directly into "case studies" of how stem cells can be both the cause and cure of common diseases. Taught by Stanford PhD students in Cancer Biology.


Prerequisites
High School Biology.

B2836: Molecular Biophysics: How Life Works at the Smallest Scale
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrew Savinov

At the smallest scale, life is made possible by very special molecules, including DNA, RNA, and proteins. Yet though they are special, these molecules follow the same physical rules as the rest of the universe. Molecular biophysics is the study of how these molecules of life physically work. In this class we will explore selected topics in molecular biophysics, looking at different examples of how biological molecules function and what experiments we can do to uncover these molecules’ mysteries.


Prerequisites
Prior exposure to basic biology and/or chemistry and/or physics will be helpful.

B2847: Your Microbes and You!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Julie Huang

Did you know that from the day that you are born you become colonized with a multitude of microorganisms? Unlike germs that can make you sick, these microbes that live on and in your body provide many benefits that keep you healthy. Come learn about the microbes that you carry around every day and how they help protect you against disease!


Prerequisites
Some background in biology and an interest in microorganisms are a plus!

B2890: The Scavenge
Difficulty: **

Are you interested in the organisms below your doormat and the leaf mulch in your backyard? Come hunt for the unseen secrets of your natural environment with us! We will look upside down and inside out for the normally unnoticed wonders of nature. Teams will compete to discover natural phenomenons, capture photos of biological marvels, and creative interpretations of your everyday world. Come learn with us!

B2901: A Day in the Life of a Virus
Difficulty: **

You've probably had a viral infection before, but have you ever wondered how tiny viruses make you sick? How do microorganisms, invisible to the naked eye, overwhelm animals that are millions of times their size?

Join us in exploring the biology of viruses. We'll be putting ourselves into the shoes of a human virus to find out what it means to be contagious, infectious, and deadly.

We'll also discuss the viral anatomy, introduce you to the human immune system, and show you how to fight back against these tiny pathogens.

Come find out for yourselves what make viruses extraordinary!


Prerequisites
Some background in biology

B3031: The Biopsychosocial Model of Health
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Meg D'Aguiar

Health is a realm, powerful and confounding, that shapes all of our lives. Questions centered around the “best” way to live and the means by which to cultivate a happy mind & heart have pervaded the human species for centuries. How can we apply the knowledge gleaned by science to improve the health of our mind and body? How do we use stress and the reality of day to day existence to augment our well-being? This seminar investigates these questions in the context of the integrative, tried and tested biopsychosocial model of health.

B2671: Are Genes Fate?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Trevor Martin

Is it possible to predict all the diseases you will get the moment you are born? Do our eating habits and lifestyle choices really influence our health? Is a world like that shown in the movie Gattaca a possibility for our future? Find out in this class what modern genetics and medicine have to say about these exciting questions and learn what knowing a person's DNA sequence really tells us and what are the strengths and limitations of prediction based on a DNA sequence.


Prerequisites
Any sort of introductory biology course or basic knowledge of DNA.

B2733: Marine Invertebrate Animal Diversity
Difficulty: **

Meet, touch, and draw marine invertebrates, including starfish, snails, crabs, and jellyfish. Learn about the diversification of animal life. Featuring live organisms from Monterey Bay.

B2889: Trees of Stanford
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Mairi Litherland

Take a walk around campus and learn about some of the many awesome trees that surround us!

Stanford's campus is home to a diverse array of trees from the local area and around the world. We will learn about the history and properties of various trees and how to identify them so that you will know when you see them again. Which trees are poisonous, which trees are not really trees, and which trees will produce fruit that you can eat? Come to this class to find out (and maybe eat some fruit from the last category)!

B2903: Amazing DNA! Basics and cutting edge applications
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kevin Madrigal

Learn the basics about what DNA is, how it replicates, and how it codes for everything in our bodies.

Also learn about new applications of DNA, such as memory storage, engineered smells, and even fluorescent animals!

You will also make a model of DNA, mRNA, and protein with candy in a team competition.

B2788: Real Science: What It Is and How to Spot BS
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

Lots of people talk about what "Scientists say" and what is "experimentally proven". We all want to be rational and make good decisions.

But what is science, really? And how do you know when someone is just trying to BS you by throwing around the word "science"? We'll talk about that, and, like real scientists, do some real experiments.

B2977: Structural Biology-NMR spectroscopy
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Margreth Mpossi

Using NMR spectra to deduce secondary and tertiary structure of polynucleotides (RNA and DNA)


Prerequisites
Basic chemistry and awareness of DNA and RNA structure. A strong interest in science.

B2785: Practical Neuroscience
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

What is the brain? How does it work? How can I make it stronger?

You'll learn about awesome experiments that show that the brain can be rewired, remolded and strengthened. You’ll meet someone operating with half a brain (literally), people who built physical strength just by thinking about it, and people who rewired their brains and cured mental illnesses with the power of thought. We'll cover what you need to know about the brain.

If you've got a brain, you should take this course! :)

Note: this course was extremely popular in the Fall, so sign up soon!

B2853: Game theory and the Evolution of Cooperation
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael McLaren

Would you risk your own life to save your brother or sister? How about to save a person you never met? While certainly an extreme example, such altruistic, or selfless, acts are common throughout the tree of life, from bacteria to humans. Yet the prevalence of altruism, and cooperation more generally, is puzzling from an evolutionary point of view. Selfish individuals can get help from others without having to give anything back; shouldn’t natural selection then favor selfish behavior, ultimately leading to the loss of cooperation?

We will use evolutionary game theory as a framework for understanding the evolution of cooperation, and discuss some possible solutions to this famous evolutionary puzzle.


Prerequisites
Algebra I

B2894: Stem Cells 101: What are they? Why do we care?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alan Le

What do stem cells look like? How are stem cells grown and used to treat diseases? How many different kinds of stem cells do each of us have in our bodies? Is stem cell research ethical? In this class, we will explore these questions and many more!

Taught by the Stanford chapter of the Student Society for Stem Cell Research.


Engineering

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E3018: Motorcycles and Mechanisms Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joe Johnson

We’ll be taking apart my Honda Dream motorcycle and exploring how it works.

Here’s a picture of a motorcycle similar to mine: http://www.rcycle.com/Ken_Fisher_Honda_305_Dream_068_cropped_op_800x512.jpg


Prerequisites
An interest in engines and how things work

E2822: Unmanned Air Vehicles (a.k.a. drones?)
Difficulty: **
Teachers: zouhair mahboubi

In this session, we’ll literally pick through the brains of a small unmanned air vehicles (UAV) in order to understand what sensors, actuators and algorithms allow these modern day robots to fly.

We'll have a few current and alumn Aero/Astro students helping with the class.

We will begin with a brief 'theoretical' introduction at the lab followed by flight demos at Lake Lagunita (weather permitting)

E2962: Human Spaceflight Missions
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Cyrus Foster

This class will explore engineering achievements in human spaceflight, followed by a discussion of future planned endeavors while discussing their economic, philanthropic and political motivations.

We’ll start with the first human missions to space in the ‘60s, such as the Apollo lunar landings and Russian space station missions, then explore current International Space Station (ISS) activities and then discuss future privately-funded and governmental human space missions that are currently in the planning phase.

E2803: Introduction to Microfluidics
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nate Cira, Brian Yu

Have you ever wondered what the future of biology will look like? What happens when we can shrink an entire laboratory onto a tiny chip? Join us in "Introduction to Microfluidics" and we will explore methods for making and using fluidic channels smaller than the width of a human hair and discuss what happens to fluids on that length scale. You will even get a chance to design and make your own simple devices.


Prerequisites
Enthusiasm and interest in science.

E2808: Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Demir Akin

We are going to learn what Nanotechnology is, how it is used in daily life, and examples of the use of Nanotechnology in Medicine.

It will be an interactive lecture format. Promise it won't be boring!


Prerequisites
A little chemistry or physics exposure would help understand the concept better but they are NOT required.

E3007: Balloon Propulsion
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Cyrus Liu

Learn how balloons can be used as propulsion devices.
Basic concepts from physics such as Newton's Laws of Motion and thrust will be introduced. After introduction, students will have an opportunity to make their own balloon rockets.

E2744: Polymers Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Joseph Barakat

Come and learn about some of the wonderful applications of polymers, from elastic materials to electronic devices to strange fluids. Concepts will be illustrated through hands-on activities.

E2857: iHuman: Path to Being a Cyborg

This course is designed to introduce the current realm of technology which is moving towards the integration of human beings and machines.


Prerequisites
The desire to turn science fiction into science reality.

E2677: Wind Energy
Difficulty: *

Students build a hands-on wind turbine (kit provided) and measure the amount of power it creates. Students can also complete a work and power activity. Lesson effectiveness is measured by a pre and post quiz.

E2774: South Bay Stadiums
Difficulty: *
Teachers: michael daly

This very popular Splash class details the new stadiums coming to the South Bay, their design and construction, and their politics and purpose. Most importantly, how these stadiums will affect South Bay young people.


Prerequisites
general awareness of current events in the community

E2801: Earth's Natural Roller Coasters - Practical Experiments in Earthquake Engineering
Difficulty: *

Earthquakes can be a fun, but also a very scary ride. Come learn about earthquake mechanisms and design of structures in earthquake prone areas (like California) and experience shaking first hand!
The class will cover the basic physics behind structural earthquake engineering design; the focus will be on explaining concepts through experiments.

E2772: San Francisco Oakland Bay Bridge
Difficulty: *
Teachers: michael daly

This has been a popular class at Splash the last few years, it uses power point displays to explain the history of the Bridge, the primary designers, what happened after the earthquake, and a explains the new project, which will complete September 2013.


Prerequisites
Some interest in the subject matter would be helpful

E2705: Introductory Concepts in Biophysics
Difficulty: ***

Serves to introduce advanced high school students to cutting-edge research in the field of biophysics and how to perform calculations needed to study biology from a physical standpoint. Some topics that will be covered: Protein composition and structure and the role of protein structure to function Enzymes: basic concepts and kinetics Effect of force on chemical reaction kinetics Polymer dynamics and its role in biological function Will refer to recent publications from the field.


Prerequisites
General Chemistry, General Physics

E2844: Hi-Fi Speaker Design
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Wyatt Smith

Ever wonder what goes into building high-end speakers? Thinking of making your own? Want to hear and play with some pretty legit gear? Come learn about audio and loudspeaker tech from the basics of sound reproduction to the most innovative designs available!


We'll start fairly basic, with a summary of what sound is and how speakers work, then move along quickly to discuss the mechanics of different types of speaker enclosure, crossover circuits and how they work, selecting parts for DIY projects, etc..

I'll also bring a pretty high-end pair of speakers and (probably) a pretty big subwoofer, both of which I built. We'll be taking them apart and exploring their construction from the inside out, as well as putting them through some listening tests to see what they can do and how certain factors (dispersion, room acoustics, speaker placement etc.) can affect their sound.


Prerequisites
You'll get the most out of this class if you know enough to explain what a capacitor does and how stereo is different from mono, but everyone is welcome (I'm happy to answer questions, but hope to cover a lot).

E2924: CAD Design & 3D Printing
Difficulty: **

Interested in 3D printing? Want to see how you can take your CAD model from the computer screen to a physical object in just minutes?

Then come to this class.

We will cover the basics of CAD, Overview 3D printing and get you hands-on time with 3D printers from the r-Lab in Santa Clara.

As part of the class you will learn the workflow for 3D printing, design and print an item, and talk about the future of this emerging technology.


Prerequisites
Participants can load Tinker CAD or other CAD programs on their own PCs

E2928: Wireless Music Transmission and Build Your Own Speaker
Difficulty: **

Each student will build a simple speaker to take home. We will transmit music wirelessly and learn about sound, how speakers work, and basic circuits.


Prerequisites
Please bring a portable music player such as an MP3 player or smartphone.

E2848: Engineering clean water- figuring out filtration

We will be teaching about water contamination and processes that are used to treat water to make it safe for drinking. The activity will allow students to design filters to clean water that is visibly dirty (i.e. turbid). We will split the students into groups of 3-4, and they will have the opportunity to make filters out of different materials to clean the water.

E2993: Design Your Problems Away!
Difficulty: *

In this class, you'll create cool solutions for real-life problems that you come up with and even test them out on your friends!

You've probably heard about the scientific method -- it's designed to help you understand why something happens. Well, engineering design is a whole different ball game -- engineers create easy-to-use solutions for real people. In this class, you will work with a group to brainstorm and build a solution to a problem that has never been tackled before. You'll think about how your creation works, why people will want to use it, and how to make your invention the hottest thing on the market.

E2650: How do Batteries Work?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Yiyang Li

Ever wonder how the battery in your phone, laptop, or car works? In this project-based class, you will build batteries using fruits and nails. You will exit this class with messy fingers and a working battery. Hopefully, you'll also understand how batteries work.


Prerequisites
High School chemistry or physics preferred.

E2855: Intro to Green Architecture and Stanford Solar Decathlon
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rob Best

This course will go over the basics of creating sustainable houses and buildings. We will talk through the science and engineering behind great home design before engaging in a workshop to design our own sustainable houses in teams. The course will conclude with a walking tour of Stanford's student-run Solar Decathlon, a project to build a sustainable house right here on campus.

E2749: How Cars Work
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Viktor Shkolnikov

Have you ever wondered how cars really work? How an gasoline engine works? a diesel engine? a transmission? How breaks work? How a turbocharger or NOS give the car a performance boost? How electric cars work, and what makes a car fuel efficient? How cars are made?

If so this class is for you!


Prerequisites
Basic chemistry, basic physics.

E3015: Space Communications
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Sawson Taheri

This class will cover the basics of radio communication, with an emphasis on space based radio communication. Learn about:

-Radio theory
-Antennas
-Time domain vs Frequency Domain
-Digital communication
-How to track and communicate with satellites
-Communication with the International Space Station


Students will get a chance to make their own amateur radio satellite contact!


Prerequisites
Completion of beginning Algebra -Motivation to learn


Hobbies

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H2835: Handmade Photo Frame
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Lena Sun, julie huang

A great hands-on project that gives you the great opportunity to explore your art skills and creativity. Create an artwork that will be meaningful to you.

H2874: What Does It Mean to Be a Rebellious Musician in 2013?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Emmerich Anklam

Pop culture terms like "rebellion" and "authenticity" grow knottier every year. And now that music corporations use edginess as a marketing tool for many of their products, we might need to redefine "rebellion" for today's music world. In a small classroom setting, we'll explore some possible meanings by discussing topics including: irony and authenticity in pop culture, musicians' uses of social media, musical activism, local music communities, and experimental music. Bring your favorite songs and your ideas.

H2946: Make Your Own Manga
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wondered how your favorite manga goes from a concept to a physical book? In this class we'll explore the history and process of manga publishing. Then you'll have the opportunity to make a storyboard and start your own manga. Come with a creative mind and an interest in diverse field.

H2652: Introduction to Photography
Difficulty: *

Come find out what makes a great photo! You'll learn about topics like composition, exposure, aperture, shutter speed, depth of field, etc. Don't know what those are? Great! We'll teach you all that and more. You'll come out of the class with a better understanding of how a camera works and how to take better photos so you can use that knowledge to your advantage and show off your awesome photography skills to your friends!


Prerequisites
None, but should have some basic math ability. Students who wish to go on excursions (listed as Photography Excursion A and B) should probably take this class before going on an excursion. A camera is not needed for this particular class (as it is lecture format), but will be required for the excursions.

H2669: Sit & Knit Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Saundra Davis

It’s Knittin’ Time Again! Join us for a “Sit & Knit” where you can either bring a project you are working on or start a new project.

This is NOT a KNITTING CLASS - during this informal session we will explore the benefits of the knitting circle.

You can get help casting on (starting) a project or binding off (completing) a project.

Gather with knitters of all skill levels and learn new stitch patterns, rummage through knitting books and websites (bring your technology or a pad & pen to write down the URLs) and learn about charity knitting projects.


Prerequisites
"Knit Wit" class or have basic knitting skills. This class is for students with some knitting skills.

H2720: Fold a Paper Rose
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tony Li

In this class we'll learn to fold a rose out of paper. Sounds hard? It's not, it just takes a bit of practice! We'll go through each fold, step by step, and by the end of the class you'll have your first paper rose!

H2771: Brain Teasers
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Tina Yau

You have a 2-gallon bucket and a 4-gallon bucket. With these two measuring units, how do you get 3-gallons of water into a 5-gallon bucket? Join us for a fun session on sharing and solving brain teasers. This will be a great opportunity to really get those wheels spinning!

H2986: Origami Roses w/ 4 petals
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Russell Chou

Learn how to fold medium difficulty 4-petaled origami roses, based on the crane-base. Preview of rose to be folded: http://www.stanford.edu/~russchou/rose.png


Prerequisites
Being able to fold a crane would be good

H2653: Photography Excursion A
Difficulty: *

Come visit the top of Hoover Tower to get breathtaking views of Stanford University, Palo Alto, the Bay, and San Francisco! If we have time at the end, we may come down to take a few pictures around the Main Quad and/or view and compare our photos.


Prerequisites
A camera is required for this course. Having a long telephoto range is ideal, but normal lenses are useful as well. We will cover your admission to Hoover Tower, so there is no need to worry about that. In addition, it is highly recommended that you take Introduction to Photography before this class.

H2842: Beginning No Limit Texas Hold'em: Fundamentals
Difficulty: *
Teachers: roberto salcido

Previously the domain of gangsters and degenerates, No Limit Texas Hold’em has skyrocketed in popularity over the past few years. Whether you are playing for millions of dollars on national t.v. or just playing for nickels and dimes with friends, there is no more exciting, nerve-racking, intense card game out there, guaranteed! Includes both classroom instruction and actual playing experience!


Prerequisites
being awesome/ and or interesting

H2709: Being A Naturalist/Hawkwatcher on Stanford Campus
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Kenneth Huo

You will miss a lot of 'Stanford', if you ONLY come here to sit in the classroom and listen to lectures, talks, and read books. Let's go outside, being a naturalist, hawkwatcher, birder, and get a chance to observe and enjoy the natural beauty of Stanford Campus.


Prerequisites
Enjoy Stanford as a great place to run, hop, skip, jump, explore, discover, inquire, imaging, observe and enjoy! Bring your binocular, sketch book, and your birding skill!

H2992: Stage Clear! A Crash Course on Video Game Design
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alex Wang

"Every good idea borders on the stupid" - Michel Gondry

What makes a video game good? What aspects draw players toward it? How do games such as Super Mario, The Sims, Braid become immensely popular? This course gives a quick overview on the fundamentals of game design, and how it is as fun as, if not more so, than game development. Topics covered include needfinding, rapid prototyping, playtesting, level and character design, storytelling, and much more. Students will work in teams as game designers and present their work at the end. It will be full of awesome!


Prerequisites
Some experience with programming and/or graphic design is recommended, although not necessary.

H2821: Learn to Play Bridge! (from a World Champion!) Closed!
Difficulty: *

***SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT***

A FORMER WORLD CHAMPION will be teaching this year! Come rub shoulders with greatness and hope that greatness rubs off on you!

****************************************

Question: What do Bill Gates and Warren Buffet have in common?

Answer: They're both billionaires and they both love the card game bridge.

If you too aspire to become a bridge-playing billionaire, then the first step is to learn how to play bridge! (Sadly, the second step is not covered in this class.)

Bridge is a fun and brainy card game somewhat like hearts. It's played 2 vs 2, so good communication and teamwork are key to victory. (Another benefit of bridge being played 2 vs 2 is that if you ever lose - hypothetically, of course - you've got someone other than yourself to blame!)

This class is for anyone and everyone who wants to learn bridge. NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY!

H2636: Understanding Diplomacy Through Wargaming
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Daniel Whalen

Much of historical European politics would have made more sense if you were there at the time. This class will give you a chance to recreate those politics. Take command of countries in a simple war game and learn about the balance of power by seeing it play out in action.

H2654: Photography Excursion B
Difficulty: *

Join us in a walking tour of the magnificent Stanford campus. We will start in the Main Quad and visit many other locations, taking pictures as we go. We may have time to view and compare our photos at the end.


Prerequisites
A camera is required for this course. In addition, it is highly recommended that you take Introduction to Photography before this class.

H2703: Introduction to Astronomy
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Akshay Subramaniam

Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences and is a great hobby that is beautiful, majestic and one that ignites your curiosity. In this class, we will learn some basic concepts in astronomy that will help you get started on a very fulfilling hobby. We will start with some theoretical aspects of astronomy and understand how the night (and even day) sky works. Then, we will have a "simulated" observation session where we will learn how to identify some of the famous constellations, look at some planets and maybe even some nebulae and galaxies!


Prerequisites
Just some basic math and some visualization skills that everyone has!

H2710: Spin ball in hands? Dribble in Unison? Synchronize Your Offense Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Kenneth Huo

We will be having fun to dribble, pass, and synchronize as a team, and share our act of basketball together!

"The strength of the wolf is the pack."


Bring your own basketball.


Prerequisites
Synchronize the efforts of leg, back, shoulder, and arm muscles will be important for a good basketball player!

H2687: Travel by Bicycle: Introduction to Touring
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Katie Dektar

Bicycle touring is an easy, enjoyable, economical and eco-friendly way to travel. This class will give a basic overview of bicycle touring, including: Who can do it (anyone) Why do it (tons of reasons) How to do do it (gear, maps & food)

H2760: Close-Up Magic
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Brendan Cohen

This class will teach some basic theory and practice of close-up magic. We will learn effects that can be done with coins, cards, and everyday objects. While you will not master the effects in the 2-hr period, this should give you enough of an introduction to the art that those who wish to continue to practice will have a foundation.


Prerequisites
Please bring 4 quarters, a Bic-style ballpoint pen, and a deck of playing cards (Bicycle brand, if you have them).

H2981: Vegan Baking
Difficulty: *

A vegan diet is one which does not use anything derived from animals. In this fun (and tasty!) class, we'll make vegan desserts and eat them along the way. While we wait for our baked goods to come out of the oven, we'll talk about why people choose to become vegan or vegetarian, and the implications of it. We'll provide the ingredients, pans, and kitchen, you provide your mixing skills and ability to eat!

H2929: Cheerleading 101: Dance, Cheers, and Jumps
Difficulty: **

Take an academic break and learn some cheerleading basics from members of the Stanford Competitive Cheerleading Squad. You will learn techniques for jumps as well as cheers and dances that are performed by the Cardinal Cheerleaders at Stanford Football and Basketball games!


Prerequisites
A smile and positive attitude!

H2944: Guesstimation: How to think like a Scientist!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Shaw

Have you ever seen someone guess the attendance at a concert, the number of cells in the human body, or the amount of ice cream consumed daily in Boston? Do you worry that you’re not “mathy” enough to do the same? This ability is not inherent talent, or dumb luck: it’s a skill that we’ll learn!

Science asks us to look analytically at the world around us—to study complexity in all its wondrous forms. We break down these mysterious problems into simple pieces that we can wrap our heads around; then, put together the jigsaw, and voila: You have done something extra-ordinary.

Come ready to think outside the box and to exercise your mind in new ways. You don’t have to be a rocket scientist or a nationally-ranked mathematician to have fun and flex some new mental muscles!

H2782: Generalizations of Go
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rafael Cosman

This class will cover the basics of the game of Go and then will explore some beautiful generalizations of the game.

Interactive class; No prior experience required. Complements "Generalizations of Game of Life" nicely.

H2843: Advanced No Limit Texas Hold'em
Difficulty: **
Teachers: roberto salcido

Pocket Rockets. Cold Deck. Runner Runner. If you already know the meaning of these terms, chances are you are an experienced poker player. This seminar will introduce you to advanced poker strategy, focusing on both the mathematical and psychological aspects of poker. Includes both classroom instruction and actual playing experience!


Prerequisites
some previous experience playing hold’em

H2637: Splash Focus Group
Difficulty: *

Come and discuss Stanford Splash! Splash is a growing program and we are looking for feedback on how we can continuously improve and change this event.

This class will be a small focus group where you can talk directly to current Stanford students who organize Splash. We will share our perspective on how we put Splash together and you can let us know what we can work on.


Prerequisites
students should be familiar with the Splash program and willing to discuss their opinions with others

H2686: Chess Puzzles: Proof Games
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Theodore Hwa

Given a chess position, can you find a game that leads to it? Can you find the shortest possible game?

If you enjoy logic puzzles, and know the rules of chess, you should find this class fun! No particular skill level in chess is needed because we consider all possible games, not just "well-played" games. Many beautiful ideas and tricks will arise when we find a short (or shortest) game leading to a position.


Prerequisites
Knowledge of the rules of chess, but no particular skill level is required.

H2701: iPhoneography 101
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Abbi Vakil

The best camera is always the camera you have with you. And nowadays, we all have iPhones (or other, non-Apple, not-so-smart phones) that rock a pretty decent camera *and* are our constant companions (some would say too much of a companion, but, hey, I'm not your mom or dad!)

This class will teach you how to best use your iPhone's camera to take photos like a pro. OK, make that semi-pro- it's an iPhone camera after all, but you get the picture (sorry!) You will learn how to compose photos, optimize lighting, steady the camera, adjust colors, apply filters, add overlays & edit photos right on the iPhone (no computer required). Your Instagram and Facebook photos will never be the same.


Prerequisites
iPhone or iPad w/ at least 2 of your best photographs.

H2738: Horses 101: The Basics
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Erin Gray

A crash course in horses covering anatomy, basic care and grooming, introduction to specialized equipment, and various disciplines of riding (hunt seat, dressage, western, et. al.). There will be no riding by students in this class, but with a waiver signed by a parent or guardian, you can cuddle, pet, brush and give treats to the horses as much as your heart desires!

H2984: Vocaloid: The Fan Phenomenon
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Russell Chou

Have you heard of supercell? Do you know who Hatsune Miku is? We'll examine how Japanese MAD’s and the virtual singing idol software Vocaloid have impacted Japanese (and now the world’s) popular culture.

H3026: Dragons!
Difficulty: *

Everyone has heard of dragons. Dragons are the big scaly monsters that can breath fire, right? Well, as it turns out, it depends. Dragons appear in many different shapes and sizes all throughout the myths and legends of many nations and through much of literature as well. The class will be divided into three parts, in first part we will be looking at the origins of dragons as they appear in various mythologies around the world. The second part will be a look at the how dragons have evolved recently in books and movies. The third part will be a Q and A about the other two parts.

H2804: Magic: the Gathering! A Collectable Card Game
Difficulty: *
Teachers: David Lam

Magic: the Gathering is one of the oldest collectable card games and is still played today by thousands of people.

In this class, we’ll go over the basic rules of the game, find out why Magic is such an awesome game, and then make our own decks and play them against other people!

You'll leave with a lot of free cards, an understanding of the game of Magic, and a great time!


Prerequisites
No experience required, but people that have some knowledge of Magic are advised to contact me before signing up. All you have to bring is an open mind and excitement.

H2970: Make an Origami T-Rex (for complete beginners)
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Al Sweigart

Cranes and planes are fine, but there are a lot cooler things you can make with origami. In this class we will construct an origami T-Rex (two of them, just to get some practice in), discuss some applications of origami in engineering, find some online resources for learning origami, and if there's time left over we can make some other models.


Prerequisites
None. This class can be taken by complete beginners who have never folded origami before.

H2985: Japanese (Riichi) Mahjong
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Russell Chou

Learn how to play REAL mahjong, not mahjong solitaire. Riichi mahjong is the most common variant played in Japan, which is similar but has a few differences from Chinese mahjong.

H2989: Chess: Fundamentals and Strategies
Difficulty: *

Aspiring to be the next Bobby Fischer? Want to impress your friends with your Chess skills? Or just play chess for fun? This course is for you!

Through demonstrative games and interactive problem solving, we will help you sharpen your strategic and tactical skills. The course will help you understand positional play including careful piece maneuvering, as well as how to deal a winning blow with that well-timed sacrifice. We will also cover often understudied endgame techniques, emphasizing their importance in winning games.

Please register if this interests you!


Prerequisites
Basic chess rules.

H3019: Marketing Mobile Apps
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Tim Jaconette

This course covers how to promote mobile apps, how to market mobile apps, how to make money building mobile apps. It is a more business focused course that does not deal with software programming or engineering specifically. We will review how successful app developers promote their apps

H2761: Crochet Jewelry
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Chris Sapyta

Students will learn basic crochet stitches while making a beautiful lacy beaded bracelet.

H2779: Cardmaking
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Helen Halley

Make greeting cards and custom-fit envelopes. I'll provide finished samples. Follow my step-by-step instructions or create your own design. Walk-ins welcome while supplies last.

H2791: Logic Puzzles and Games
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Corinne Horn

This is a short class where we explore different types of logic puzzles. Puzzles include Sudoku, KenKen, Rubik's cube, snake puzzles, and more.


Prerequisites
None


Life Skills

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L3028: Snacks! II
Difficulty: *

This class will explore the many dimensions of snacking. We'll start by making (delicious) snacks, discuss the impact different types of snacks have on your body and mind, the personal and social components of snacking and how snacking culture has changed in recent years.

This class will be activity and discussion based. You should come if you: 1) eat snacks 2) have friends who eat snacks 3) sometimes eat food in between meals:)

L2770: Effective Altruism
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jacob Steinhardt

How should one act in order to do the most good? Should we volunteer for a charity? If so, which charity? Or should we instead work at a high-paying job so that we can donate money? While these questions are complex, we do know some things, and the answers are often unintuitive. In this class I will talk about the basics of effective altruism, with a focus on what you can do as a high school student.

L2796: Let's design a satisfying life
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tom Kabat

Let’s brainstorm to design a satisfying and sustainable life. We will have group discussion of values, choices and results. We will explore the intersection of satisfaction, sustainability, consumption and community.

L2932: Goal Setting and Time Management
Difficulty: *

College Boot Camp
Goal Setting and Time Management Workshop
Is your school and/or work load too heavy that you do not have time for a social life? Do you struggle with making the most of your time? Have you considered that your time management is out of whack? Is there not enough time to get everything done and simultaneously have some free time?
If your answer is yes to all these questions, it is high time you started learning to manage your life!
• Come evaluate your time management
• Receive valuable tips and suggestions
• Improve your time-management skills
• Enhance your personal productivity
This interactive workshop will teach you how to prepare accordingly for school, manage your time effectively, and set attainable goals for college and beyond. You will learn that prioritizing tasks for academic work contributes to achievement of goals. In addition, we will cover the importance of networking and leading a healthy lifestyle.


Prerequisites
None We will need 1:10 hour of class time

L3029: Snacks! III
Difficulty: *

This class will explore the many dimensions of snacking. We'll start by making (delicious) snacks, discuss the impact different types of snacks have on your body and mind, the personal and social components of snacking and how snacking culture has changed in recent years.

This class will be activity and discussion based. You should come if you: 1) eat snacks 2) have friends who eat snacks 3) sometimes eat food in between meals:)

L2943: Applied Creativity
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Matthew S

Ideas are the force that drives science and technology. They are the spark that begins every new invention, and every new solution to every problem – even the little ones that we have to deal with every day. But creativity is often thought of as restricted to arts and crafts, and its importance in problem solving is underestimated. I will teach you how I systematically approach new situations, with an emphasis on how to come up with new ideas. Be prepared to think outside the box!

L3025: An introduction to etiquette
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jillynne Quinn

"Freedom without rules doesn't work. And communities do not work unless they are regulated by etiquette." - Miss Manners

As suggested above, no society can exist without some basic rules of behavior. Being polite is an excellent strategy for being successful in life; there are so many more possibilities open to people who know how to serenely navigate sticky situations. This class is for people who would like to practice their politeness, learn new tips, or be introduced to the profound power of etiquette. The general goals of this class are to gain a basic understanding of what it means to be polite and to learn how to apply this principle in example situations.

We will take an irreverent, yet exceedingly proper view of all matters of etiquette.


Prerequisites
A sense of humor is required; an interest in politeness is requested.

L2670: My Money On My Mind
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Saundra Davis

Have you ever wondered why it is so hard to save money or you REALLY want to manage your money better?

This is not your basic budgeting class! Learn all about your habits and attitudes about money and how you can set and get your financial goals.

This is ALL about you...deciding what you want your financial future to be and learning how to set yourself on the course that you want. Money is a tool, learn how to use it well.

L2696: Tragedy Into Triumph
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Melisa Rillera

The purpose of this class is to walk away with a better understanding of how to turn some kind of life tragedy (any type of loss- from getting a bad grade to mourning the death of a loved one) into overcoming your own adversity to maybe changing someone else's life.


Prerequisites
no prerequisites- just the openness to share your opinion

L2730: Interview Skills for Internship, College, and Job Applications
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Oriana Li Halevy

Are you anxious about internship, college, or job interviews? Come to this interactive course to receive solid tips from a Class of 1992 Harvard College pre-med turned United Nations intern turned US Department of State diplomatic interpreter turned multinational law firm corporate attorney turned venture investor, cross-border business consultant and strategist, and bilingual communications specialist and published translator/editor who has been on both sides of these interviews since high school. This course is for anyone wishing to develop and fine-tune interviewing skills that can be applied in a variety of settings.

Topics will include:
Preparation
Presentation
Common interview questions
Common pitfalls
Closing the interview
Thank you notes


Prerequisites
none

L2794: Invention & Innovation using Patented Toys
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Howard Peters

A fun talk on invention and innovation using familiar toys which were once patented, e.g. FRISBIE, SLINKY, YOYO .
Many resources are provided.
A free drawing will be held at the lecture end for a patented toy and a copy of its US patent


Prerequisites
none

L2647: How to Bullshit
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Yang

There are 47% of Splash students who won't take this class no matter what. All right, there are 47% who are dependent on being taught, who believe that they are victims, who believe that Splash has a responsibility to teach them everything, that they are entitled to instruction on every individual thing. That that's an entitlement. And that Splash should give it to them. And they won't take this class no matter what. These are students who pay no information tax. 47% of Splash students pay no information tax. And so our job is not to worry about those students- we'll never convince them to take personal responsibility and care about their lives.

Our job is to teach you, the rugged individualists, all about creating information. In this class, you'll pull yourself up by your mental bootstraps and become experts at info-genesis. And once you finish this class, you will make all other Splash students intellectually wealthier as your knowledge and competency trickle down. Sign up for this class, because you are information creators, and are more valuable than the fact-poor who rely on Splash handouts to get by.

L2702: Improv 101 Full!
Difficulty: *

Learn the basics of improv comedy and storytelling. We'll play a series of games leading up to a short performance. No experience needed!

L2911: In a (Freezer) Jam
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Hilary Noad

In this class, we will learn how to make freezer jam, the low-key sibling of traditional cooked jams and jellies. I will also give a brief introduction to canning techniques that require heat.

Food that will be used:
fruit (possibly strawberries, raspberries, or peaches)
white sugar
liquid pectin
lemon juice

L2938: Friendship 101
Difficulty: *

Has a friend ever come to you in a time of need? Have you ever felt like you didn’t know what to say? Come practice with Stanford Peer Counselors who will help you become a better listener and a more supportive friend!

L2685: Money Smart Kids
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jitesh Shah

My class will teach kids personal finance basics to lay the foundation for lifelong learning about money management and its impact on their life.
What will be covered -
Basics of money, difference between cash and credit, banking and its purpose, checking and savings account, inflation and elementary basics of stocks and bonds and its overall influence in our economy.


Prerequisites
None

L2721: Brainstorming that works: Seven ways to generate ideas
Difficulty: **
Teachers: melinda walker

Rumor has it brainstorming doesn't work. But that's just a rumor. Brainstorming works when done correctly. And it works really well. Come see for yourself as we generate hundreds (maybe even thousands!) of ideas in under two hours.

L2790: Justice - What's the Right Thing to Do?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

Bank bailouts. Stealing to feed your hungry kid. Lying to save Jews in your basement. Waterboarding. What's right and what's wrong? And how do we know?

This will be a crash course in Ethics, the rigorous discipline of determining what's right. This lost science will be critical for anyone who will have to make decisions in their life.

I'm modeling this course after the enormously popular class and book taught by Michael Sandel at Harvard (Google my course title).

L2885: Preparing for College
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Julie Huang

There's more to getting into college than making the grades. Come learn about the things you should be doing now to prepare for college.

L3005: Hustles, Scams, Espionage, Hacking, and Other Security Issues
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Ben Lei

Ever wonder how these activities are carried out? What are the state of the art techniques? The focus of this class will be on common hustles and scams, though other security issues will be briefly covered too (for example, I can gain full access to all the files in a regular Macbook in 7 minutes without using any software or coding). Most of the time will be devoted to multiple video clips and demonstrations to keep the lessons memorable.

Due to the breadth of this topic, expect the class to be exceedingly fast-paced.

This is my third year teaching at Splash--I promise that you will leave this class better prepared to avoid these problems, though I’ll try not to make you too paranoid. The topics covered in this class are not found in the high school curriculum nor most college curricula, which is quite a shame.


Prerequisites
A healthy amount of curiosity about how the world actually works.

L3027: Snacks! I
Difficulty: *

This class will explore the many dimensions of snacking. We'll start by making (delicious) snacks, discuss the impact different types of snacks have on your body and mind, the personal and social components of snacking and how snacking culture has changed in recent years.

This class will be activity and discussion based. You should come if you: 1) eat snacks 2) have friends who eat snacks 3) sometimes eat food in between meals:)

L2672: Miss CEO: Becoming an Effective Leader
Difficulty: **

The world needs great leaders to tackle its biggest problems… and that starts with YOU! Although women are underrepresented in today's leadership ranks, this class will inspire and teach you how to position yourself as a leader in high school, college, and beyond. Come learn about relevant leadership skills such as effective negotiation and clear communication that will help you excel in a variety of academic, personal, and professional situations. More importantly you will also learn how to put these skills into practice starting today --including securing dream mentors, finding internships, navigating the college application process, and getting on the right trajectory for career achievement early on.

The instructors for this class feature women from the Stanford community who have extensive experience leading and making innovative contributions to their fields. They also have a passion for helping students achieve their leadership potential, which you can learn more about at www.missceo.org.


Prerequisites
A desire to learn, grow, and discover your inner leader.

L2797: Bicycle Maintenance 1
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Tom Kabat

Bring your bike. We will adjust it together and do minor maintenance and repairs. We diagnose problems and make adjustments. We can even adjust the bike to fit you better to improve your riding.

L2839: Launch a Start-up, Launch Your Life
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Stephany Yong

“A good idea is a good idea forever.” The best entrepreneurs have more than just a good idea-- they have persistence, courage, and above all else strategy. Silicon Valley creates start-ups left and right, but how do you create a cool idea that actually works and lasts? In this class, you will get to look at start-up and have a chance to save the start-up, using intuitive knowledge you have as a consumer along with materials you will pick up in this class. This will be a fun and interactive opportunity to work as a team to learn about what makes a business model work, with participants coming out with a better understanding of how to turn a good idea into a company.


Prerequisites
None!

L2872: Memory techniques
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Gail Wilson

Learn memory and study techniques that will give you the important edge you will need to help find success in all aspects of your life.

Find out about simple ways to memorize any amount of information without repetition. Remember names; remember important facts. Learn how to memorize hundreds of definitions in time to ace the next exam.

Create a powerful brain.
Create a powerful life!


Prerequisites
A sincere desire to improve your memory!

L2945: Basics of Personal Finance and Investing
Difficulty: **

This class will teach the basics of managing your personal finances and various strategies for saving money and building wealth. Topics covered will include checking accounts, money management, and ways to invest.

L3032: The Fresh Prince of Bel-Aire and YOU
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Cyndi-Lou Ashford

An analyzing look at the popular 90s TV show, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Aire, its characters, life skills taught and what made it so popular to still be regarded as a favorite show amongst its viewers around the world.

L2813: Back of the Envelope
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Lavanya Jose

How many jelly beans fill a one-liter jar?

When is a biker carrying a stack of DVDs faster than your internet connection?

How much money do Americans spend on soft drinks in a year?

How much time would you have to wait for a table at Starbucks on a busy evening?


Answer all these questions and more in a few minutes. Bring a pen or pencil. We'll supply the envelopes :)


Prerequisites
basic arithmetic

L2753: Product Management 101 - How to Create Products Customers Love
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Yisha Peng

Product Manager is a very popular role in the tech scene, no matter it is for startups for for big companies. People think PM is the CEO of product. In this two sessions, we will cover:

1. PM role: What does PM do every day? What are required skills for a PM? What is the difference between top 1% PMs and 10% PMs? How to get prepared to become a great PM? Who are some great PMs in the US? ...
2. Product Development Process: What is defined as a great product? How to create great products? How to measure the success of a product? How to work with different team to get things done? ...

L2722: Lettering is a life skill!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: melinda walker

Presentations, reports, science projects, and group work are all part of school life. They often require you to create signs, posters, banners, or maybe even a presentation board. Often, you're asked to create these things in class, without a computer. If you're not the artsy type, this may be a challenge.

Wouldn't it be great if you could create your own hand-drawn, eye-catching, easy to read letters? It's much easier than it looks, once you know how. And you don't have to be an artist - really!

We'll start with basic block and bubble letters before moving on to fancy cursive, 3-D, and many other styles. You'll leave with the lettering skills needed to make your next project stand out from the crowd.

L2798: Bicycle maintenance 2 Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Tom Kabat

Bring your bike. We will adjust it together and do minor maintenance and repairs. We diagnose problems and make adjustments. We can even adjust the bike to fit you better to improve your riding

L2704: Gourmet Microwave: Never Starve Again!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ken Soong

Come learn how to make delicious food using only your microwave.

Together we'll make: potato chips, cake, baked potato, eggs, and ramen.

L2778: The Great Debate
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Somik Raha

In this class, we will examine the use of debate as tool for personal improvement.
We will introduce approaches to debating that are altogether different from the British or political formats. Stories of ancient Indian debaters will be followed by trying their methods.

Participants who have strong opinions on any topic will get a lot out of this class by learning how to debate with their biggest opponent - their own mind. We will try the art of arguing against oneself on various topics, and even find structured ways of doing this.

Join us for an experiential class where ideas will follow experimentation, and there will be lots of reasons to smile. You will never view debates in the same light again.


Prerequisites
You should have some topic that you hold dear to your heart and have often debated passionately.

L2910: Female Sexual Empowerment
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Marlise Edwards

This class will cover information that will help young women understand how to communicate their sexual needs and desires, the mechanics of female orgasm and ejaculation, and exercises that will help them have a lifetime of sexual pleasure and health. Young men who participate will learn about women's needs and how to be sensitive to the reasons why female sexuality continues to be such a problematic subject for public discussion. We will read Audre Lourde's essay "Uses of the Erotic" and discuss it. We will learn about Nicole Daedone's practice of Orgasmic Meditation. And we will talk about and practice Emilie Conrad's continuum work, which invites a context for a broader definition of sexual expression. Lastly, we will make a dream box to take home. Students will have the opportunity to look through a collection of books about female sexuality that will inspire and create questions for our open discussion time.


Prerequisites
none

L2851: Tips and Advice to Making the Most of Your College Experience
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Julie Huang

You're heading to college this fall. Congratulations! But now that you're in, how do you survive and thrive there?

I was a first generation college student who learned many useful tips to making the most of my college experience.

Come hear about all the things I wish I had known before going to college.

First generation college students are especially encouraged to attend!

High school juniors and sophomores are also welcome to attend to get a head start at thinking about how to make the most of their future college experience.

L2930: YouTube Education
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Abdulla Almazrooa

In this class, I will introduce you to many interesting, useful channels on YouTube. I will briefly talk about a channel, and then show a 2-3 minute example video. I promise that %50 of the videos I will show will be entertaining/funny, and 50% educative.

You should at least have one of the following during the class:
1- A piece of paper and a pen.
2- A piece of technology that is capable of saving text.
3- A valid email address.


Prerequisites
You should have at least one eye and one ear.

L2968: Steel men and Turing tests: The subtle art of having good arguments
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nisan Stiennon

"If you’re interested in being on the right side of disputes, you will refute your opponents' arguments. But if you're interested in producing truth, you will fix your opponents' arguments for them. To win, you must fight not only the creature you encounter; you must fight the most horrible thing that can be constructed from its corpse."
— Black Belt Bayesian

If you learn something from every argument you have, then arguments will make you stronger. Therefore the winner of an argument is not the person who doesn't have to change their mind, but the person who learns the most.

In this class, you will have real arguments with people you disagree with. You'll practice switching sides in the argument to see how well you understand the other point of view. And you'll practice fixing your opponents' arguments for them.

L2676: Make Everyday Thanksgiving: The Science of Happiness
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Tim Huang

Did you know that gratitude and compassion can rewire your brain and behavior for the better? Did you also know that they can help you deal with stress in school, improve your physical health, and transform your social life? In this class, you'll learn about the power of gratitude, mindfulness, and self-compassion to change your life and increase your happiness! We'll look at scientific research from positive psychology and neurobiology, discuss all things happiness, and engage in a few fun exercises that will be useful in your everyday life. By the end of the class, you'll have tangible tools to help improve your academic, personal, and social life.


Prerequisites
An open mind!

L2777: Making Good Decisions
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Somik Raha

"Should I ask him/her out for a date?” “Should I apply to Stanford?” “I am facing a decision situation - what should I do?"

We face decisions all the time in our life, and often make them without realizing that we have choices. How should we think clearly about our decisions?

This class introduces students to decision analysis, the best story we have on approaching decisions thoughtfully. Developed largely at Stanford, Decision Analysis is about combining a warm heart with a cool head. A cool head protects us from the trap of losing our balance with emotion, while a warm heart protects us from indifference.

We will learn how to dissect our decisions into their components and look at them in a manner that gives us insights. This class will be taught in an experiential manner (and not theoretical lecturing), with students grappling with decisions and learning in the context of class simulations.


Prerequisites
Committed students - please show up with a great desire to learn how to make good decisions in your life. If you put in the right effort, you will come away with great questions to ask when you face tough decisions

L2863: Why "I'm Too Busy!" is Ruining Your Life
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Kavita Singh

How many times have we shrugged our shoulders, given a big sigh, and exclaimed to the world "I'm just too busy!" Too busy to take out the trash, to get a good night's sleep, or even just to eat lunch!

This class will feature research and life lessons on why less is more, how we can prioritize ourselves to become more productive, and why busy is just plain overrated! We'll also talk about why American culture in particular values busy-ness, and how valuing leisure may be the next great leap in human awesomeness. Make an investment in yourself and sign up for this class!


Prerequisites
It helps if you or someone you know is a busy person since we'll be using real-life examples.

L2875: Demystifying the College Application Full!
Difficulty: **

A tour through the college application timeline and process, with some tips regarding essays.

L2979: Cooking with sunlight
Difficulty: **

This class will cover the principles and design of solar cookers that use only sunlight as the source of energy to heat food.


Prerequisites
understanding of heat in cooking

L3024: Female Sexual Empowerment 2
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Marlise Edwards

This class is the second half of L2910. This section will focus on making a dream box to take home. Students will have the opportunity to look through a collection of books about female sexuality that will inspire and create questions for our open discussion time.

L2887: Energy and You!
Difficulty: *

Are you a young person living on this planet?

If you are, then this workshop's for you!

Unfortunately, in this country we waste tons of energy everyday through our buildings, our transportation, and more. All that wasted energy pollutes our air and eats up valuable financial resources!

Because of this, it's vital that today's youth (that's YOU) to learn WHY and HOW to use energy efficiently!

Come learn where the energy that you use comes from, how it impacts our planet Earth, and how you can make a positive impact by saving energy.

This workshop is put on by Stanford's chapter of CALPIRG Energy Service Corps.

L2906: Speak with Ease
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Don Rottiers

We are all natural speakers when among friends, but most of us lose that ease when we are in front of groups.
What would it be like being comfortable speaking in front of groups?
What if you could take anxiety and turn it into speaking power?
What if you can learn to listen in a way that sees the best in others and inspires them?
What if you learn that less preparation can be the most effective approach?
With practice in a Speaking Circles, you will find this innovative step -by-step process can help you find a natural ease in front of groups and where words will flow in any situation.


Lunch

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L3021: Lunch Period
Difficulty: None
Teachers:

Enjoy a break for lunch with your friends! Please register for at least one lunch period on each day of the program.

L3022: Lunch Period
Difficulty: None
Teachers:

Enjoy a break for lunch with your friends! Please register for at least one lunch period on each day of the program.


Mathematics and Computer Science

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M2681: Live web apps with Node.js & Socket.io
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alvin Sng

In this fun course, we will be learning how to make a web app that uses Node.js and the popular socket.io module. Socket.io allows for our web app to communicate with clients instantly back and forth.

If you have a laptop you can bring that to follow along in the course.


Prerequisites
JavaScript programming experience is highly reccomend

M2699: Crash Course in Graph Theory with an Eye towards Programming
Difficulty: ***

Despite their simple definition (a set of points connected by some number of lines) the study of abstract graphs has far-reaching applications such as mapping, social networks, and routing resources in Computer Science. We'll have a look at some fundamental properties of graphs of interest to computer scientists and some algorithms that help us harness useful information from graphs. Along the way, we'll also have a look at some USACO problems that involve graph theory to help you develop some intuition for the subject.


Prerequisites
There are no formal prerequisites, but experience with programming will help you get more out of the class.

M2757: Dirichlet's Theorem on Primes in Progression
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Peng Hui How

276 years ago, Dirichlet proved that for any natural number q, if (a,q)=1, then there are infinitely many prime p such that $$ p \equiv a \pmod{q} $$. Isn't this amazing? Having introduced L-series for the first time, this proof is said to have started rigorous analytic number theory. Dirichlet uses Euler's earlier work on the zeta function and the distribution of primes. He first proves a simpler case before going to full generality. In this course, we will revisit this beautiful theorem, not only to say Hi to the theorem, but also to convince ourselves by walking through the elegant thought process of Dirichlet 3 centuries ago. Trust me, you'll be awed by this great mathematician.

You do not have to be from Grade 11 to 12, anyone who satisfies the prerequisites written in Italic font below is welcomed.


Prerequisites
Some background in Number Theory - e.g. some knowledge in primitive roots, Euler's Theorem, etc, and willingness to stay for the full period, i.e. 3h45min.

M2942: Fun with Data Structures
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Manvi Mahana

Learn the basics of Data Structures(such as linked lists, stacks, queues, trees etc) with easy diagrams and real-life examples! Hate those heavy technical terms? Then this class is just for you! :)


Prerequisites
Enthusiasm!

M2683: Intro to web design - HTML, CSS & Javascript
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Alvin Sng

This is a Splash favorite class that has been around since 2009 and great reviews! We will be going over everything you need to know about making your own website from scratch. No previous experience in needed.

M2888: Information theory
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Roy Frostig

How much information is there in revealing the outcome of a coin toss? A dice roll? A random English sentence? As it turns out, it is completely reasonable and possible to quantify the information contained in a random event. We'll start by doing that, then discuss compression and redundancy. Specifically, we'll answer questions like "into how small a file can I compress this audio track?", and understand how you can still play a CD just fine after you've scratched it.


Prerequisites
Basic probability theory. You should be comfortable with the notions of: a discrete probability distribution, a conditional probability distribution, and expected value.

M2990: Computers from the Ground Up: FETs to CPUs
Difficulty: **

In this class we'll dive into the nitty-gritty details as we learn how a computer works all the way from transistors to a complete modern processor. Topics covered will include: transistors, digital logic, basic CPU architecture, pipelining, out-of-order execution, multi-threading, and semiconductor manufacturing. Feel free to come with your own questions too - if we can't answer them we're also very good at making things up.

Note that this is the first class in a two-part series. Each class can stand alone, but if you want to learn more about the software side of computers then sign up for our other class, "Computers from the Ground Up: HDDs to OSes" too!


Prerequisites
Basic familiarity with computers, logic, and circuits is recommended, because we will be moving quickly.

M2682: Facebook apps with PHP
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Alvin Sng

Ever wanted to use the Facebook platform to make apps but didn't know how? In this course I will be going over the steps on how to get your first Facebook app running. We will be programming the app in PHP.


Prerequisites
PHP and HTML programming experience is highly recommended.

M2684: SQL Databases
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alvin Sng

Data, Data Data! How do we store it all? In this course I will be going over everything you need to know about SQL and databases. In particular we will learning about MySQL, the popular open source database.


Prerequisites
Previous programming experience is recommended.

M2729: Introduction to Automated Music Composition
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Sam Nolen

This class is all about the possibility of writing software to compose instrumental music, especially for piano. We'll discuss ways to program principles of music theory, and statistical methods for imitating certain composers. We'll listen critically to music composed by computers, and generate a few small pieces ourselves.


Prerequisites
Basic concepts of probability and some familiarity with musical notation. Some exposure to programming is preferable.

M2783: Generalizations of Game of Life
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Rafael Cosman

This class will explore some beautiful variations of Conway's Game of Life. Here's a sneak preview of the software we'll be playing with:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XVVyjIbypwM

This class complements "Generalizations of Go" nicely.

WARNING: DEMONSTRATIONS WILL INVOLVE FLASHING LIGHTS

M2871: Building iPhone Apps
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Nick Troccoli

Ever wondered how the apps on an iPhone work? Ever wanted to go behind the scenes and make your own? We'll take a look at how an iPhone app is created, from designing the interface to writing the code. Get a taste of what real developers do on a daily basis, and how you can make your own apps!


Prerequisites
Core programming knowledge (knowledge of object-oriented language like C++ or Java recommended), desire to write iPhone apps.

M2649: How does the INTERNET work???
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ruchi Bhindwale

Have you ever imagined what happens behind the scenes when you go to a web page, say http://www.stanfordesp.org, on your web browser? How does the browser connect to the server (machine that serves the pages) and what protocols does it use to communicate? How does the server locate the page that it needs to serve and in what format does it send it back? Finally what is the process by which the web page is displayed?

Join me in this class as we embark upon a fascinating journey through the inner workings of the INTERNET.

M2713: The Wizardry Behind Modern Cryptography
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Wu, tim mwangi

Is it possible to perform computations on data without knowing what that data is? Is it possible to share a secret with 100 people in a way that any group of 10 or more people can learn the secret but any group with less than 10 people can not? Is it possible to commit to a choice ahead of time without disclosing what that choice is until some future time?

The answer to all of the above questions is YES. While on the surface, such protocols seem almost magical, they are all made possible by clever mathematical tricks, some of which are quite simple to grasp! In this course, we will pull back the curtains and examine some of the mathematical tricks that enable the wizardry behind modern cryptography.


Prerequisites
Comfort with basic mathematics (e.g. basic algebra) and abstract ideas.

M2862: The Cutting Edge of Artificial Intelligence in the Data Age
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jacob Jensen

I discuss the cutting edge of Artificial Intelligence research and application and how it's being influenced by an ever-increasing volume of digitized data, including examples you might know, like Apple's personal assistant system Siri, or IBM's Jeopardy-winning Watson, and Google's self-driving cars, and those you might not, like technology that can sense the stock-market's movements before anything else.

M2725: Introduction to Artificial Intelligence
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Peter Pham

Curious about how we can make machines more intelligent? Come learn the basic principles of modern AI! We will introduce the problem formulations of search, regression, classification, and reinforcement learning.

M2967: Interconnected: The Networks Around Us
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Christie Brandt

From Facebook to the global economy, our world is growing increasingly interconnected. This course provides a whirlwind tour of the basics of the study of complex networks, especially social networks.

We will first talk about the basics of graph structure and some of the properties of graphs, then talk about some properties specific to social networks such as triadic closure and short distances. We will look at real-world examples and talk about how companies such as Facebook make use of these properties. Time allowing, we will also interactively explore tipping and network contagion.


Prerequisites
A little background knowledge of graphs may be helpful, but will not be necessary.

M2991: Computers from the Ground Up: HDDs to OSes
Difficulty: **

In this class we'll dive into the nitty-gritty details as we learn how a computer works all the way from the parts in the box to compilers and operating systems. Topics covered will include: hard drives, solid state drives, RAM, caching, basic GPU architecture, operating systems, compilers, parallelism, and running applications. Feel free to come with your own questions too - if we can't answer them we're also very good at making things up.

Note that this is the second class in a two-part series. Each class can stand alone, but if you want to learn more about the hardware side of computers then sign up for our other class, "Computers from the Ground Up: FETs to CPUs" too!


Prerequisites
Basic familiarity with computers, logic, and circuits is recommended, because we will be moving quickly.

M2769: Natural Language Processing
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Jacob Steinhardt

If you've ever used Google Translate or Siri, you'll know that, while computers can understand an increasingly comprehensive range of spoken and written language, there is still much progress to be made. In this class, I will talk about the techniques behind statistical models for machine translation; by the end we will understand enough to implement a basic machine translation system.


Prerequisites
You should understand probability (i.e., conditional and marginal distributions and what it means for two random variables to be independent).

M2833: 1^infinity =/= 1
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ali Al Haddad

Math problems are sometimes trickier than they look. In this class, we will learn some problem solving strategies that are usually used in math competitions, internationally and nationally. The class will focus on and introduce Algebra, Number Theory, Geometry, and combinatorics.


Prerequisites
Basic algebra. For a small part of the class, a little of trigonometry will be needed.

M3017: Problem Solving with Computer Algorithms
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kapil Yedidi

Computer algorithms are behind many of the things we do in our day to day life. Whether it's finding mutual friends on Facebook, using the iPhone autocorrect, or searching for something on Google, computer algorithms enable us to do things that we otherwise could not. We’ll also cover the logic behind these algorithms and others in the products we use every day.

We'll discuss things that computer are really good at (like sorting a list of 1,000,000 numbers in less than a second), and things that computers are really bad at (like figuring out the optimal way to organize student's schedules at a school).

We'll spend the first half of class understanding ways to break down problems like a Computer Scientist. In the second half of class, students will choose an algorithm (like a sudoku solver or a spelling autocorrect) and devise an algorithm on paper to solve that problem.

Much like the study of Computer Science in college, this course focuses on problem solving over writing code. No programming experience is needed for this course.

M3020: Outsmart Your Friends with Probability
Difficulty: **

What happens when your intuition doesn't match reality? Come learn about commonly misinterpreted puzzles, and discover how to use probability and "thinking outside the box" to outwit brain-teasers, street performers, and game show tasks. This is a hands-on (and brains-on) workshop--with cake!

M2688: Tessellation: Making Cool Patterns Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Katie Dektar

We will learn how to create tessellations, tiling the two-dimensional plane with a repeating pattern. Students will be introduced to basic tessellation techniques and a tiny bit of geometry, and get a chance to make their own. Think: a soccer ball or M.C. Escher, as in this photo: http://uploads7.wikipaintings.org/images/m-c-escher/lizard-1.jpg

M2724: The foundational crisis of mathematics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Evan Warner

When we say that a mathematical statement is true, what exactly do we mean? Can we reduce all of mathematics to formal logic, or is such a task doomed to failure? The first half of the twentieth century witnessed an explosion in work in the foundations of mathematics, as several proposals for resolving these problems came into direct conflict with each other. This conflict became known as the foundational crisis.

This class will explore ideas in mathematics, history, and philosophy related to this foundational crisis. As much as possible, we will ground the class with examples and problems in "actual" mathematics.


Prerequisites
Nothing in particular. A willingness to tolerate substantial abstraction will come in handy.

M2859: Let me Google that for You: The Technology that Searches the Web
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jacob Jensen

If you've ever used the internet, you've used a search engine. In this class I explain how typing a few words into a text box returns the most relevant pages on the internet from billions and billions that exist, with surprisingly little spam, in less than a second.
Topics: Web-scale computing infrastructure, text similarity algorithms, trust on the web: the PageRank algorithm, MapReduce parallel framework, personalization, from keywords to meaning.

M2937: DECISIONS IN MANUFACTURING USING Mathematical Programming
Difficulty: **
Teachers: FRANCISCO ZARAGOZA

THIS CLASS IS FOCUS THE IMPORTANCE TO TAKE DECISIONS IN MANUFACTURING USING LINEAR PROGRAMMING


Prerequisites
KNOWING OF LINEAR ALGEBRA, MATRIX, LINEAR EQUATIONS

M2957: Introduction to Combinatorial Game Theory
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chuanqi Shen

This class provides an introduction to Combinatorial Game Theory. In particular, the class will provide an in-depth discussion of impartial games. The lecture will focus on constructing a theoretical framework for impartial games and deriving powerful tools to solve the problems. The lecture will be interspersed with many problem solving sessions where students will use their newfound knowledge to play games optimally.


Prerequisites
Basic understanding of functions. Basic proving skills. Love for problem solving.

M2971: Symmetry in Physics
Difficulty: ***

What is symmetry? How can we mathematically quantify symmetry? The symmetries of space and time play a main part in understanding and characterizing all physical law. Indeed, physical law can be viewed as symmetry itself. For this, we need the mathematical language of symmetry: group theory. We will apply these concepts to examples in classical and quantum physics. Topics include: basics of Lagrangian formalism, basic group theory, field theory and Noether's Theorem.


Prerequisites
Calculus based physics is highly recommended. Some familiarity with the ideas of special relativity would be nice. Most importantly, an interest in physics and mathematical formalism.

M2648: Inequalities
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Benjamin Yang

An introduction and overview of some common (and not so common) inequalities from math competitions. We'll start from basics such as the trivial inequality and AM-GM and go to more complicated ones such as Muirhead and Karamata.


Prerequisites
some experience with math competitions and/or proofs

M2679: Algorithm ABC's
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Phillip Chang

An introductory course on computational algorithms. Students will have an opportunity to learn about the asymptotic performance of algorithms, familiarizing themselves with some more common algorithms and data structures. We will look at practical uses in some common situations and students will work together to create and improve their own algorithms! Topics covered "may" include recursion, divide and conquer, sorting, dynamic programming, and greedy. This is intended to be a very brief overview, enough to spark an interest for more information on the subject.


Prerequisites
None really. Though students without an interest in the subject would probably have more fun elsewhere...

M2752: Math Made easy
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Venkat Danda

Algebra concepts and usage of Algebra in real life.


Prerequisites
None

M2941: Couting, Permutations and Combinations
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Vivek Kaul

Permutations and Combinations is an interesting topic that is also foundational to the study of Probability. Let us have fun and count ways to arrange objects into groups, arrange numbers, alphabets and poker cards.


Physical Science

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P2827: Elephant Toothpaste?!
Difficulty: **

A demonstration of Chemistry in action: reagents in a violent and foamy reaction!

You'll learn chemistry components of molecules involved in the reaction above, including the concepts of catalysts, endothermic/exothermic reactions, the making and breaking of bonds, and the importance of balancing equations in the field of chemistry.


Prerequisites
Any basic science class is preferred, yet this class is approachable to all.

P2828: Magic Sand and Other Hydrophobic Interactions
Difficulty: **

You can dump it in water BUT IT NEVER GETS WET! Learn the chemistry of Magic Sand, otherwise known as hydrophobic sand. We'll also learn about other things that don't mix well with water like oil and soap. Find out how your dirt stains disappear. LIKE MAGIC! MAGIC!!!!

P2912: Rube Goldberg Device
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lily Lew

Each team will build a section in the Rube Goldberg device. Feel free to bring material or use the material provided.


Prerequisites
Some physics or a knack for tinkering

P2947: How to Make Homemade Ice Cream Full!
Difficulty: *

Ever wondered how Ben & Jerry makes their delicious ice creams? Learn how to make delicious homemade ice cream using everyday household items. Each person will be able to make their own ice cream and eat their creation!

P2916: The Many Phases of Physics
Difficulty: **

Did you know that water turning into ice is like your fridge magnet? The universe is full of many different materials and objects that exhibit what are called 'phase transitions.' In this class, we'll explore what this means: how a single substance can exhibit a variety of different, exciting properties (think superconductors!)

We will have demonstrations where everyday objects change their behavior in exotic, exciting ways. Along the way, we will explain how simple, beautiful ideas can explain a rich diversity of physical behaviors.


Prerequisites
Any high school physics

P3006: An Electrifying Journey
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ranjana Mehra

Natural Philosophers were aware of fish that were capable of giving electric shock. They also knew that objects like amber when rubbed with fur were capable of attracting straw or feathers. Thales of Miletos from 600 B.C.E. had observed that friction made amber magnetic in contrast to minerals such as magnetite that needed no rubbing. But, what good was this barely understood phenomenon other than for amusement? Then, sometime in the 11th century, magnets came from the east and while they were mysterious, they were also useful: they could guide ships. However, not until the 16th century when William Gilbert differentiated the lodestone effect from amber or static electricity in his scientific bestseller De Magnete and coined terms such as electricus from ‘electron’--the Greek word for amber--would electricity be considered anything more than an intellectual curiosity. Then scientists like Orsted, Ampere, Faraday, Franklin, Hertz, and Maxwell, among others, propelled further research into the field linking the twin phenomena of Electricity and Magnetism. We will examine the work of these scientists in this seminar. We will also trace the journey of electricity as it came out of university labs and royal societies, caught the imagination of poets writers and itinerant entertainers, and influenced popular culture.

P2810: Quest for Portable Power
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ranjana Mehra

We don’t think about them, but they are everywhere. They power our flashlights, our smoke alarms, our watches, beacons, pacemakers, phones, laptops, cars, planes, and space explorers that boldly go where no man has gone before. Who conjured up a battery? Did they get their start with the caveman toting a smoldering piece of coal to have a ready source of fire, an electroplater or a temple magician? Or was it years of painstaking work after observing natural phenomena? We will start with the earliest known batteries that belong to the Parthians from about 200 B.C.E and leap to the 18th century when the documented quest to convert stored chemical energy into electrical energy began in earnest, in labs and hobby rooms, moving from the wet end of the spectrum to the dry. We will look into batteries that are powering our electric cars and lift the smoke to peer into the cause of battery fires that are keeping our dreams grounded. We will also examine the state of the art nuclear batteries powering our Mars Rovers and the Voyager space explorers that, at last check, were venturing out of our solar system. In tracing the arc of batteries, we will learn about the gadgets they enabled including communication systems, consumer electronics, life saving systems and weapons that won world wars. In the process we will learn about the ordinary and some really extraordinary scientists who gave their all to push the envelop in the quest for portable power. Volta, Galvani, Davy, Faraday, Franklin, Henry, Edison, Marconi, among others, will all grace our stage in this story of battery.

P2913: Sinking or Floating Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Lily Lew

Explore objects that sink or float and how to make them.

P2716: Introduction to Pulsars
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Anna Ho

When a star of a particular mass runs out of fuel, it explodes in a supernova, and leaves behind a tiny dense ball of neutrons called a pulsar. Like a lighthouse, the pulsar emits a beam of light as it rotates; the fastest pulsar spins at 714 times per second. The details are still mysteries to astrophysicists, which means that it is a very exciting area of research to be involved in. In this class, you will learn what pulsars are, how astronomers find them, and how they can be used as tools to understand more about the universe.

P2908: Muon in a Jar
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Spencer Gessner

In this class, we build cloud chambers to detect muons! From space!

P3002: Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Part I
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Robert Moffatt

(This is part two of a two-part class.) In this class, I will describe the principles behind many familiar fluid phenomena. Topics include: airplane wings, helicopters, drag, parachutes, terminal velocity, tornados, vortex rings, propellers, wind turbines, boundary layers, flow separation, golf balls, and cavitation. Part II includes application of the laws of fluid motion to various situations, and, if time permits, an in-class demonstration of fluid motion through the blades of a model helicopter.


Prerequisites
Algebra

P2763: Human Vision
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jacob Steinhardt

As we move around through the world, our visual system solves an impressive array of problems, from depth perception to motion detection to object recognition; many of these tasks are so hard that we still have no idea how to program computers to solve them.

In this class we will present experiments from cognitive science and neuroscience that will help us understand how our brain solves these tasks, with implications for what a computer would need to do to achieve similar performance.

P2691: Careers in Color & Other Attributes of Gems
Difficulty: **

Ever wanted to learn how gemologists distinguish diamond from cubic zirconium? We'll cover that and much more! First, we introduce you to methods gemologists use to identify gems. Then, we let you use these methods. Finally, you solve three paper-based scenarios, including distinguishing synthetic from natural emerald, where your group is given a limited budget and a list of tests that can be preformed and you all decide which ones to do and how to interpret the results. Designed with Jingshi Wu.

P2694: Quantum Information Theory
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Alfred Zong

Have you heard of quantum computers? Have you wondered how they work? In this class, you will be introduced to the theory of quantum information and its application to quantum computation (and as a side benefit, you will get to know some really cool physics: Quantum Mechanics)!

I will first sketch some basics of quantum mechanics relevant to quantum information, including Stern-Gerlach experiment, density matrix $$\varrho$$ for one and more particles, pure/mixed state, quantum measurement, entanglement $$\left|00\right> + \left|11\right>$$ and Bell inequality. Then I will move on to several quantum algorithms that prove the superiority of quantum computer over classical computers. They include Deutsch–Jozsa algorithm, and Grover's search algorithm. Other topics such as quantum cloning may be included if time permits.

Last but now least, the good news is that you don't have to know anything about quantum mechanics to appreciate the beauty of a quantum computer. I hope to see you in class!


Prerequisites
$$\bf Required$$: familiarity with matrix theory, linear operator/transformation, eigenvalue, eigenfunction; Calculus at the level of AP Calculus BC; Physics at the level of AP Physics C. $$\bf Optional\,\, but \,\,recommended$$: quantum mechanics, computation theory, Fourier transform, tensor product

P2952: Exploring the Nanoworld
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Hilary Noad

Strange things happen when you make stuff really small--small, as in, not much bigger than atoms. Come and learn about nanoscience through a series of hands-on activities that will help reveal some of the weird and wonderful behavior of the nanoworld.

P3000: Oobleck! Slime! Silly Putty! Fun with Non-Newtonian Fluids!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tal Fix, Will Tucker

Come learn about Non-Newtonian fluids and make your own! We will be playing with cool fluids like oobleck and slime.

P2717: Introduction to Pulsars
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Anna Ho

When a star of a particular mass runs out of fuel, it explodes in a supernova, and leaves behind a tiny dense ball of neutrons called a pulsar. Like a lighthouse, the pulsar emits a beam of light as it rotates; the fastest pulsar spins at 714 times per second. The details are still mysteries to astrophysicists, which means that it is a very exciting area of research to be involved in. In this class, you will learn what pulsars are, how astronomers find them, and how they can be used as tools to understand more about the universe.

P2987: Identifying Minerals and Gems
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wondered why and how geologists and gemologists identify minerals and gems? In this class, we will discuss why geologists are interested in identifying minerals. Then, you will develop a gemological and geological toolkit, including hardness testing, and identify minerals and gems using this toolkit!


Prerequisites
None

P2809: How to find life on other planets
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kimberly McManus

In this class I will introduce the field of astrobiology, and ideas about life in the universe. We will also discuss current and futuristic methods for discovering life on planets outside of Earth.


Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of Biology, Chemistry and Physics

P2849: Space and Time in Special Relativity
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Tim Wiser

Find out why E=mc^2 and why nothing can travel faster than light!

In this class we'll develop the ideas and math of Einstein's special theory of relativity.

We'll start from experimental results that motivated Einstein to postulate that the speed of light is universal, and use simple thought experiments to talk about length contraction, time dilation, and the "paradoxes" of special relativity (and why they're not really paradoxes). We'll also see how Einstein discovered that mass and energy are related by his famous formula.


Prerequisites
High school Newtonian mechanics. If you know what a vector is, what a coordinate system is, that F=ma, and how to use conservation of energy and momentum, you should be ready!

P2852: The building blocks of physics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Djordje Radicevic

Physics is not just about colliding bodies, circuits, and planets. Physics is really about thinking about everything in a logical and unified way. We will start from typical physics problems and extract the single essential idea underlying all of them: the idea of a physical state. This will allow us to define entropy and chaos, introduce quantum mechanics, and study huge complicated systems and understand their behavior in simple words --- all at a price of one new concept!

We will talk about ideas and will not solve many equations. We will not give in-depth introductions to each sub-field of physics, but will rather focus on putting you in a theoretical physicist's mindset. Come prepared to change your ways of thinking!


Prerequisites
Basic physics (velocity and energy) and a willingness to think out of the box!

P2978: The Physics of Music
Difficulty: *

How is music created? What makes it music and not just noise? Over these two hours we’ll look at the physics of sound, and what makes certain kinds of sound music, and not just noise. We’ll talk about pitch and harmony, and look at how musical instruments work, and even bring some instruments into the classroom!

P2707: Color in Living Systems and Minerals/Gems
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wondered why you see colors in the world around you? Why ruby is red and grass is green? We'll discuss color chemistry, what in these systems it is that you are seeing. Note: this class is class meant for those who didn't take our class "color in living systems and minerals" in the fall. Designed with Gabriela Farfan.


Prerequisites
Currently taking or completed chemistry

P2718: Introduction to Radio Astronomy
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Anna Ho

Radio astronomy is the study of the universe in the radio part of the electromagnetic spectrum: of objects that are totally invisible to the human eye. Radio astronomers use big dishes (like the 100-meter dish in West Virginia) to watch black holes merging, pulsars spinning, and galaxies and clouds of interstellar gas evolving. In this class, you will learn a little bit about the history of radio astronomy (what made people think that radio waves could come from space?) and the kinds of awesome science conducted in this part of the spectrum.

P2695: Introduction to Quantum Physics
Difficulty: *
Teachers: shruti puri

"Anyone who is not shocked by quantum theory does not understand it"-Neils Bohr

Come let's explore the fascinating world of quantum physics, where, truth is stranger than fiction. I will use very little math to explain important basic concepts in quantum mechanics.

P2719: Introduction to Radio Astronomy
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Anna Ho

Radio astronomy is the study of the universe in the radio part of the electromagnetic spectrum: of objects that are totally invisible to the human eye. Radio astronomers use big dishes (like the 100-meter dish in West Virginia) to watch black holes merging, pulsars spinning, and galaxies and clouds of interstellar gas evolving. In this class, you will learn a little bit about the history of radio astronomy (what made people think that radio waves could come from space?) and the kinds of awesome science conducted in this part of the spectrum.

P2951: Introduction to Time
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Yao-Yuan Mao

What is time? Time seems to be a simple concept that we use every single second. (The concept of time even appears in my previous sentence.) Yet, what REALLY is time? What does it mean when people say time is a coordinate? And what does it mean when Einstein said time is relative? There are still questions about time which are even more puzzling. Why does time flow? Or does it flow? Why can't we travel back in time? Or could we?

So do you want to learn more about time?


Prerequisites
Some basic physics would be good, but not necessary.

P2864: Let there be light!
Difficulty: *

Light - learn and see all the crazy things light can do! (includes demos)

P2959: The Science behind Global Warming and what you can do about it.
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Sudhanshu Jain

Considering the large body of science supporting the fact that Climate Change is REAL and happening now, it's surprising how many people still have doubts.

In this class you will learn the science that support the fact that we're headed for serious trouble. For example, you'll learn how we know what the temperature and CO2 level was half a million years ago.

You'll also learn a little about what you can do to reduce global warming.


Prerequisites
none

P3010: Fluorescence! Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Victoria Chang

Why are fluorescent highlighters brighter in sunlight than under an incandescent bulb? Why do certain energy drinks glow with a yellow green color? Why are fluorescent bulbs more efficient than incandescent bulbs?

The answers to all of these questions lies in fluorescence.

Fluorescence is a form of luminescence where a compound absorbs energy (electromagnetic radiation, often in the form of light), and then almost immediately emits energy (again, electromagnetic radiation, often in the form of light).

This class will explain what that means, and will cover the basic science behind fluorescence. Building upon that material will allow us to touch upon some more complicated concepts (Stokes shift, Jablonski energy diagrams), and discuss applications of fluorescence in spectroscopy. We will also see some examples of fluorescence in everyday objects - including "glow-in-the-dark" (more accurately: "fluoresce under UV light") foods!

At the end of this class, students will be able to answer all of the above questions!


Prerequisites
Some background in Chemistry is required. Should have an understanding of basic concepts: atom, electron, photon, etcetera.

P2706: Living in a changing climate
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Mandy McLean

Most of us are aware that climate change is a serious issue affecting people all over the world, but what exactly is 'climate change'? You may hear terms, such as global warming, used synonymously with climate change -- are they the same? Not quite. Global warming is only one component of climate change. Many facets of the climate are changing -- for example, storms are becoming more intense, droughts are becoming more serious (but so are floods!), and sea levels are rising. Anthropogenic (human-induced) climate change includes everything that is affected by increasing greenhouse gas levels.

How is human activity linked to climate change? Why is climate change so bad? What can we do to help mitigate climate change? And just as importantly, what can we do to adapt to climate change? These are all extremely important questions, and the type that will be addressed in this session.

Come, chat, learn, and have fun!