For Splash Students

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• Student Reg Guide

Splash Fall 2015 Course Catalog

Biological and Medical Science Engineering
Hobbies Life Skills
Mathematics and Computer Science Physical Science
Social Science Visual and Performing Arts
Writing, Literature, and Language

Under constructionThe class list below may change up until the weekend of the program

Biological and Medical Science

B4457: How to Distinguish Medical Knowledge from Hoaxes?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kun-Hsing Yu

There are lots of newspaper articles talking about the "recent advances in health sciences". Some suggest "beer helps to prevent cancer", others assert "beer increased risks of getting cancer". Which one should we believe?
How do doctors decide what to do when coming across contrary scientific evidences? And what doctors don't know about the surgery they perform or the drugs they prescribe?
We will do some hands-on experiments on drawing conclusions in the world of uncertainty, and take a quick survey of current methodologies in medical sciences.

Prerequisites
Have flipped coins, or played any other games involving probability or uncertainty.

B4503: 20 Experiments about the Brain and Behavior That You Must Know: Beyond the Brain Bee
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Lucy Li

How can we make good people do bad things? How does our brain "see" lines? What happens when the two sides of our brain fail to cooperate? Most importantly, if I were to time travel back in history, what experiments should I run to win a Nobel Prize and/or a permanent spot in a psychology or neuroscience textbook?

Sponsored by the Stanford Brain Bee, this class provides a fast-paced overview of studies and experiments that have revolutionized what we know about the human brain and behavior.

B4632: Epidemiology in the Galápagos Islands: Are introduced diseases threatening endemic species?
Difficulty: **

Have you heard of the blue footed booby, the flightless cormorant, or the Galápagos penguin? Join me in learning about these fascinating Galápagos species! We will discuss some of the most pressing threats to the Galápagos Islands, focusing on introduced pathogens and parasites. We will learn about some interesting molecular biology, immunology, and genetics topics! Along the way, I'll share stories and photos from my recent trip to the Galápagos.

B4682: The Science of Willpower
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

The Science of Willpower

Why don't we do what we want? Why do we procrastinate? Check FB? Eat more than we wanted?

We'll talk about the neuroscience of it, the biochemistry of it, and the practice of it. We've been at this a long time, so you'll hear from the Greeks, Eastern sages, from modern scientists, and willpower Olympians.

-The top exercises proven to increase your willpower
-The crazy scientist who showed that willpower was like a muscle
-People whose willpower puts us all to shame

B4701: Fungal Interactions: Friendly or Deadly?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Matthew Nelsen

Have you ever wondered how fungi survive? Many do so by forming complex associations and interactions with other organisms. Come learn more about how fungi interact with other organisms by acting as allies, con artists and killers.

B4520: Why do living things help each other?
Difficulty: **

Darwin's theory of natural selection seems to paint a bleak picture of life, with living things in a constant struggle against each other to stay alive and reproduce. Why then is it that all around (and within) us, there are examples of organisms helping and cooperating with others? We will explore ways in which biological cooperation can develop, with a focus on cooperation between individual cells, and how that relates to the emergence of multicellular life (such as ourselves!).

Prerequisites
Some biology background (eg. cells and evolution) at a magic-school-bus level

B4522: Mushroom Mania!
Difficulty: **

What do cheese, zombie ants and the biggest, oldest living thing have in common? Fungi! Mushrooms are the part of the a fungus that we see, but they're just the tip of the iceberg. Most of the action takes place out of sight.

Come learn about the hidden world of fungi in this interactive course. You will learn about the ecology, evolution, and human uses of fungi, and will get hands-on practice identifying mushrooms on your own!

B4536: DNA Origami: Exploring the Art and Science of the Double-Helix
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Songhee Han, Amy Liu

Most people know about DNA and its double-helix shape. They know the distinctive shape allows DNA to do cool things to organisms' genetic characteristics. DNA is not just all around us; it IS us.

You probably already know how important DNA is. In this class, however, you and I will delve deeper and learn how DNA's unique shape influences the world we live in today. We'll travel through different topics, like genetics, mathematics, arts, architecture, and design. We'll answer cool questions like, where can we see the unique double-helix shape in our society today? Is it true that scientists are exploring the existence of three-stranded DNA?? How about four????

We'll also include a 15-minute long Q&A session for you to ask us, the nerdy instructors, about our lives as Stanford students.

Prerequisites
*kindergarten-level paper folding skill *undying interest in both arts and sciences *desire to have fun *desire to ask lots of questions!

B4565: Navigating the Chaos of the Cell
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Giovanni Forcina

We like to think about cells in terms of a few parts-- nuclei, endoplasmic reticula, ribosomes, and so on. However, the reality of a cell is much more complex-- each cell is a jumbled mess of different biological molecules with nearly no free space. How do proteins find each other in this mess and how does the cell accomplish anything amidst the chaos? This course will explore how some basic physical and chemical knowledge can predict how a biological system behaves.

Prerequisites
Basic physics, chemistry, or biology will be helpful, but not necessary.

B4604: Biology of Toxins
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Genna Smith

Have you ever wondered how toxins can kill you and why different toxins cause different symptoms? In this class, you will learn how various toxins attack pathways and processes within the the human body. By understanding the action of these toxins we will also see how pharmacologists are turning these toxins into medicine.

Prerequisites
A basic knowledge of cell biology would be helpful.

B4544: Are Genes Fate?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Trevor Martin

Is it possible to predict all the diseases you will get the moment you are born? Do our eating habits and lifestyle choices really influence our health? Is a world like that shown in the movie Gattaca a possibility for our future? Find out in this class what modern genetics and medicine have to say about these exciting questions and learn what knowing a person's DNA sequence really tells us and what are the strengths and limitations of prediction based on a DNA sequence.

Prerequisites
Any sort of introduction to Biology course; should understand very basics of DNA and genes.

B4599: Epigenetics: it's not just about DNA
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Fiorella Grandi

Why are identical twins not exactly the same? Learn about epigenetics, the science of what's modifying your genes! We will explore how cells use epigenetic mechanisms to make decisions about becoming a neuron or a liver cell even though both types have the same DNA. We'll also look at the role epigenetics can play in diseases such as cancer.

B4671: Evolution:
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Jake Gold

Why is there so much controversy and speculation about evolution? Follow Darwin, Ernst Mayer, the Grants, Bill Durham, and I as we define the science of speciation. We will compare and contrast ideologies over the past 1.5 centuries and conduct hands on activities to determine what parts of evolution are fact or theory.

Prerequisites
Interest in biology and sociology: genetics/taxonomy/ecology/island biogeography/ etc...

Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

Why do we do what we don't want to? Or not do what we want to?

This class will explore the strange, universal human experience of being out of control of our actions. We'll look at big ways this happens with alcohol or drugs, but we'll also look at "behavioral addictions" like Facebook, nail-biting, pornography, gambling and cutting.

We'll look at the basic science, as well as some of the ways people treat addictions, big and small.

B4732: DNA Damage and Cancer
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Erin Schwartz

Are you curious about the molecular mechanisms of cancer development? If so, then join us for a class on DNA damage and Cancer. In this class we will discuss the intimate link between DNA damage and cancer development. This includes looking at the various sources of DNA damage that you encounter every day, how your body responds to DNA damage in the cell, and what happens in the case of cancer.

B4581: CRISPR: Designer Genes
Difficulty: **

Imagine if you could prevent a life-threatening disease with a simple gene change. CRISPR is an up and coming piece of biotechnology that all your favorite scientists are pursuing, and it is bound to change the face of science. Learn how this simple editing system works, what people are saying about it, and why you should fashion your scientific focus to this powerful new tool.

B4687: Practical Neuroscience
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

What is the brain? How does it work? How can I make it stronger?

You’ll learn about awesome experiments that show that the brain can be rewired, remolded and strengthened. You’ll meet someone operating with half a brain (literally), people who built physical strength just by thinking about it, and people who rewired their brains and cured mental illnesses with the power of thought. We’ll cover what you need to know about the brain.

If you’ve got a brain, you should take this course! :)

B4474: A Crash Course in Cancer Biology
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Melissa Ko

What is cancer? What happens in the body when cancer starts and spreads? What causes cancer? How can we treat it? What would it take to cure this disease?

We'll discuss all of these questions through a whirlwind lesson on genetics, cell biology, evolution, medical research, and more! Be ready to participate and bring any questions you have on cancer and scientific research.

Prerequisites
the more biology you know the better, including topics like what is a cell, what does DNA do, what are proteins, etc.

B4561: The Power of Algae
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ariana Barreau

We will learn about different types of algae and how algae is a fundamental part of our marine ecosystem. We will also explore the applications of algae in the biofuel and pharmaceutical industry. Current research will be reviewed and discussed.

Prerequisites
Be ready to learn and participate in class discussions! Some knowledge in plant biology would help but is not necessary.

B4564: Totally Radical Biology: The Biology and Chemistry of Oxygen
Difficulty: **

Did you know that oxygen comprises only 21% of the air you breathe? Where did oxygen come from and how does it support life on earth? How are free radicals made from oxygen and why are they bad for you? In this course, we‘ll learn about the chemistry of oxygen and its role in biology. We’ll unleash the power of oxygen through explosive in-class demonstrations.

Prerequisites
Basic chemistry and biology is useful but not required

B4676: Genes, Brains and Behavior
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rachel Grant

From moonwalking flies to cuddling voles, learn about the genetic and neural basis of behaviors, and the tools that scientists use to study them!

B4600: Pet Genetics: Understanding your Cat or Dog.
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Fiorella Grandi

Have you wondered why Corgi’s have such short legs? Why do Tortoise-shell cats have all those colors? And for that matter, how did Fido get to be so different from a wild wolf? This class will look at the genetics of common traits in our favorite four-pawed companions and how they were domesticated from the wild.

B4661: Once upon a time in biology: teaching science through storytelling
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Charli Davis

Have you ever fallen asleep reading a science textbook? Or have you ever wondered why in the world you should care about all of the facts thrown at you in scientific papers? This class uses storytelling, imagination, and journaling to help you become more engaged and active in the world of ecology and conservation biology. You will learn the facts, but in a memorable way that also helps you understand why it matters, and why it matters to you. So get the creative, biological juices flowing and prepare to start your own once upon a time science story!

B4700: Who likes lichens?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Matthew Nelsen

What are those splashes of color on the rocks and tree branches?  They're lichens!  Learn more about this often overlooked, yet fascinating, symbiotic association between fungi and algae, and why you should like them!

B4730: Introduction to Giant Viruses
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Spencer Cesar

The order Megavirales is a recently discovered group of giant viruses. They are as large as some bacteria and some have genomes larger than those of parasitic eukaryotes. This class will go over the major members of this group and some of their most fascinating features.

B4485: The Wonderful World of Bacterial Communities
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Pascale Guiton

Bacteria are everywhere and similar to humans they communicate with each other and reside within “small houses”. Enroll for this course to learn about the exciting features of a bacterial village and how it is produced during diseases.

Prerequisites
A keen Interest in microbial world!

Difficulty: **

Ever wonder how your brain helps make you who you are? How does your brain help you see and move? Can we come up with a cure for brain diseases? This class is a hands-on introduction to the brain and its various functions. You'll get to see and touch real human brains and ask your burning questions to Ph.D. students who are becoming brain experts!

B4658: Bioethics: Current Issues in Medicine and Biology
Difficulty: **

Should companies be able to patent DNA? Do human beings have the right to create new synthetic life? Would it be wise to edit a person's genome? Are genetically modified organisms good or bad? Many new advances in biological science have the potential to change the world forever--for good or ill. Come learn about groundbreaking new developments in biotechnology and discuss the ethical implications they have for modern society.

Prerequisites
Must have taken a high school biology course. Must be willing to actively discuss ethical questions in class.

B4697: Africa's Giants: The Ecology, Behavior, and Conservation of African Elephants
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Patrick Freeman

Elephants have fascinated humans for centuries. Their immense size, their curious physiology, and most recently their complex social lives generate endless curiosity. However, humans have also heavily exploited elephants for their valuable ivory tusks and another surge in hunting for ivory threatens the future of elephants across Africa. In this class students will get the chance to learn about the ecology of elephants in their environments in Sub-Saharan Africa, fascinating facts about elephant society and social behavior, and what challenges exist to their existence in the future, especially the international trade in illegal ivory.

Prerequisites
None

B4698: Laser mapping the world's rainforests
Difficulty: *
Teachers: David Marvin

New laser imaging technology allows scientists to digitally reconstruct tropical rainforests in 3D by simply flying overhead with an airplane. Come see the stunning visualizations produced by this technology and learn about how it is helping save rainforests around the world.

B4710: Gender and Sex 101
Difficulty: *

In this class, students will have a quick lesson on gender, sexuality, and sexual health. Ample time will be given for the many questions students are bound to ask!

Prerequisites
Some biology is preferable, but not required. An open mind!

B4480: Food Product Development
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Brian Chau

You walk down the aisle of a supermarket and you stumble upon these weirdly flavored chips. Ever wonder how someone's crazy idea is put from concept to product?

Culinary arts + food science = AWESOME PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT. You take science and add it to cooking and bam, that delicious or sometimes bizarre flavored chip comes to a store near you.

Prerequisites

B4566: Trees of Stanford
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jesse Marshall

Trees provide us with food, water, shelter, paper, fuel and climate stability. There are 3 trillion trees on the planet and are over 400 species on Stanford's campus. That's not even including the mascot! Yet how many can you identify. In this class, we'll wander about Stanford's quad examining the local tree population, snacking on the fruits of trees and do experiments on their leaves, bark, and seeds. We'll use the trees to transport ourselves to Africa, South America, Australia, Asia and Europe, and learn about fascinating biology and environmental science along the way!

B4593: Solve a cardiology case!
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Clark Zhang

The heart is one of the most intricate and intellectually satisfying organs in the human body, and heart disease is the most common cause of death in the US (according to the CDC, there were 600,000 deaths last year due to heart disease). We’ll solve a case of chest pain due to heart disease. Concepts we’ll cover include the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity, common and life-threatening causes of chest pain, and treatment of heart attacks.

B4601: The Environment and Your Brain: Epigenetics and Neuroscience
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Fiorella Grandi

This class will focus on epigenetics, the science of how environment influences the genetic code, in the context of neurons and neuroscience. We'll explore how neurons are shaped by chemical changes to DNA, how epigenetics and memory formation may be linked and what role epigenetics plays in neurological and psychological diseases.

B4684: The Neuroscience of Happiness: The Art and Science of a Great Life
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

What makes humans happy? Don't we all do whatever we think makes us happy? Yes, and we're often wrong. So then how do we get this most important of questions right?

We will explore the big ideas on how to be awesome at life, from ancient Greece to the latest neuroscience. Hear about the best things thought and said about how to flourish as a person and live the Happy life.

Prerequisites
This class draws from many of my other lectures. You will have a better foundation if you've taken them, but can still attend if you haven't.

B4511: Molecular Imaging
Difficulty: **

Molecular Imaging emerged in the early twenty-first century as a discipline at the intersection of molecular biology and in vivo imaging. It enables the visualization of the cellular function and the follow-up of the molecular process in living organisms without perturbing them. Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine imaging, an important molecular imaging technique which produces a three-dimensional image or picture of functional processes in the body. The theory behind PET is simple enough. Briefly, tracking molecule need to tagged with a positron emitting isotope and followed by scan the body with PET-CT. PET imaging have many advantages. The most important is its sensitivity: a typical PET scanner can detect between 10−11 mol/L to 10−12 mol/L concentrations. Dr. Arutselvan Natarajan, Stanford staff scientist will give an overview of PET which is key imaging modality for cancer staging and therapy.

B4517: Decoding the Genetic Code
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kristen Wells

People have used codes and ciphers to protect secrets for thousands of years. DNA has it's own code that contains the secret recipe of life. In this class we will discuss different types of codes and learn how to read the genetic code. During this course, students will create their own code, learn the genetic code, and write secret messages using DNA sequences.

B4653: The Science of Cooking and Baking
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tim Abbott

We probably all share the same belief that there is nothing better than a freshly-baked chocolate chip cookie. So warm, gooey, sweet, and maybe even brown and crispy. But how does that happen? Not 10 minutes ago the dough I put into my oven was sticky, oily, and maybe even a bit gritty. What caused such a drastic change? In this course I aim to show you that we are in fact scientists in our daily lives where our own kitchens are our laboratories and the interesting physical, chemical, and biological changes that occur as we prepare our food.

Prerequisites
Basic chemistry and biology knowledge.

B4683: Neuroscience and Religion
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

What is meditation? Why do people believe in God? What’s it like to have an ecstatic experience?

This course will talk about the latest science of religion, pulling in anthropological, psychological, and neurological perspectives. We’ll talk about why belief in something like God has been so darned persistent throughout human evolution. We’ll discuss what it’s like for a “believer,” and also take a look at religious brains in action. We’ll discuss both Western and Eastern experiences including prayer, ecstatic experience, meditation and ritual.
We’ll also talk about practical take-home lessons we can learn from these extreme brain states.
You’ll learn:
-Why babies are religious.
-What it's like to die.
-What the “God spot” is in the brain and whether or not magnetic stimulation can cause religious experience.
-The difference between mindfulness, meditation and prayer and why it’s important.
-And more!

[Warning: Close-minded people should not take this class. It will involve objectively evaluating the claims of various religious people]

B4703: Criminals Beware! Your DNA is Everywhere
Difficulty: **

Come learn how DNA is used to catch the bad guys! This class will introduce students to molecular biology techniques seen on shows such as NCIS and CSI to identify criminals using evidence from a crime scene. We will discuss techniques such as PCR and DNA fingerprinting and perform hands-on activities to solve the crime!

B4462: Would you want to know? Exploring genetic testing and Huntington's disease
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kristen Powers

If you could find out whether you will develop a disease with no known cure, would you want to know?

This course will provide an introduction to the science behind Huntington’s Disease, which is a genetically inherited disease that affects both the mind and the body. After an overview of cool topics like DNA and genetics, we will talk about genetic testing – what that is, and how it applies to parents or children who may have Huntington’s Disease. You will then use this knowledge to debate the ethical concerns that arise when screening for inherited diseases.

Sample debate prompts:
If your parents have Huntington’s Disease, would you get tested? If you were going to have children but did not know if you had the disease, would you get tested? Would you have kids if you tested positive?

Prerequisites
Basic biology knowledge is helpful, but we'll provide a quick intro at the beginning of the course for context!

B4519: What your body looks like on the inside Full!
Difficulty: **

Students will learn about human anatomy using cadavers and 3-D visual tools. Various anatomical regions will be covered including the abdomen, upper limb, lower limb, back, and heart/lung.

Caution: Real human cadavers are used in the teaching of this course.

B4616: DNA Extraction with Fruits
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andy Vu

Learn how to extract DNA from fruits in this lab class! How much DNA can be extracted from different fruits? We will cover the implication of being able to isolate DNA and give an overview of other lab procedures scientists use for genetics research.

B4552: Unpacking Ebola: Big Data, Epidemiology, and Pathogenesis
Difficulty: ***

The 2013-2015 Ebola epidemic constituted a global health crisis. In this class, we will cover how big data and bioinformatics revolutionized epidemiological and pathological research during the recent Ebola crisis. We will examine primary literature published in high-impact journals as we consider the pathology and spread of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD). Finally, we will briefly review recent research on Ebola drugs and vaccinology.

Prerequisites
Students should be interested in deeply understanding biomedical research and clinical investigations.

B4463: Introduction to Neuroscience
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Samantha Hoffman

This class will begin with a broad overview of neuroscience, starting with the fundamentals of molecular & cellular neurobiology and building up to perception and clinical neurology. Material from previous years' Brain Bee contests will be presented as practice questions. The optional second part of the class will introduce more advanced topics in neuroanatomy, neurohistology, MRI/CT reading, and clinical case studies.

This class will cover topics from the Brain Facts booklet, published by the Society for Neuroscience and used by the Regional-level Brain Bee Competitions. This class is great for anyone interested in neuroscience, including any prospective Stanford Brain Bee participants.

Prerequisites
No previous knowledge of neuroscience assumed, but the class will move quickly, and a basic understanding of biology and chemistry will be useful. Bringing a way to take notes is recommended. Students will take away the most from the course by reading or at least skimming the Brain Facts text before coming to class, available for free at http://www.brainfacts.org/about-neuroscience/brain-facts-book/

B4478: Bird Senses: Vision and Hearing
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rebecca Shi

How similar are bird senses to human senses? What adaptations give falcons such acute vision? How can owls pinpoint prey using only their hearing (and how do we even know they're using hearing to do so)? Can birds use echolocation?

In this class, we'll try to understand the world from a bird's point of view, with a focus on vision and hearing. We'll study the structures of bird sensory organs and explore the experiments that led to our current understanding of bird perception. Come learn about the fascinating world of birds!

B4481: Crash Course to Food Science
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Brian Chau

Let us openly discuss food science in all its forms and functions from food chemistry to food safety, food technology to sensory science and from school to jobs/more schooling.

We will discuss some current trends in food science and technology, especially, with the growing news of Big Food and food entrepreneurs from the tech world. We will use C-mapping tools to develop a concept map in cataloging ideas and for you to take home.

Most importantly, we will have a better understanding of what is food science and what it can be.

Join me on this adventure because it might be a crazy ride. Bring a helmet, if you think this food science talk is risky!

Prerequisites
Active participation. Curiosity. Interest in food.

B4588: Not all models walk on a runway. Model organisms, what are they?
Difficulty: *

What does yeast, a small flowering plant, a fruit fly and a mouse have in common? They are model organisms!! If you want to know what this means and why they are called that, you can't miss this class.

You will have the opportunity to see some of them live, and interact with them.

Prerequisites
Lots of curiosity!

B4689: Mind and Body: How Your Mind Makes It Real
Difficulty: **

Can a sugar-pill cause morphine release? Can hypnosis cure blindness? Can looks kill (literally)? Can getting shot not hurt?

We'll talk about old history and new science developing around "mind-body" medicine, how your mind and brain affect your body in really interesting ways. We'll meet people with paralysis who can regain their movement, and blind people can regain their sight by the power of words. We'll see how the brain can produce pain completely independently of any "physical" cause.

We'll discuss theories of how the brain might be involved in diseases like fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome.

If that's not enough, you'll learn about ritual executions that rely on the victim's expectation, and soldiers in WWII who get shot but don't seem to mind.

In short, we'll explore the strange and perplexing frontier where Mind meets Body.

[For those who took this already, I am adding a number of slides on the science of placebo, too!]

B4452: The Biology of Hollywood
Difficulty: **
Teachers: William Gearty

What would life really be like if you were shrunk down to the size of an ant or even smaller? Did dinosaurs really look and behave as they are portrayed in Jurassic Park? Would King Kong really have been able to stand up, let alone climb the Empire State Building? Could you really be mutated into a superhero over night? These questions and more will be discussed.

Prerequisites
Some interest in biology. Some interest in movies.

B4513: Tyler and Albert Teach Genome Editing
Difficulty: **

Genome editing is revolutionizing the level of control that humans have over their health and environment. In this class we will discuss the basic techniques that scientists use to alter the genomes of organisms and the effects of these changes. Throughout the course, students will brainstorm ways to apply these techniques to current issues in human health, medicine, and agriculture.

Prerequisites
A high school-level biology course.

B4526: How we fight disease Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Rajiv Gaur

This class will highlight the cause of disease and how we fight with it.

Prerequisites
Basic biology education needed.

B4652: Disgust, Super Spreaders and Vaccines: How to handle an Outbreak
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kelly McGill, Bryan Xie

This class will cover how the emotion of disgust relates to the spread of disease and biological defenses from infection. It will also include a brief history of past epidemics. It will focus on how epidemics are handled now and what new tools and methods we can use to stop future outbreaks. The class will have some activities and mainly be discussion based.

Difficulty: **
Teachers: Guillaume Riesen

Human vision can be a pretty glitchy system. This class will teach you some of its quirks and how to take advantage of them to produce amazing illusions and effects. You'll learn how to see blood vessels and even white blood cells in your own eyes using no special equipment. You'll see colors and motions that aren't there - all while gaining a deeper understanding of the tricks your brain uses to help you see accurately in daily life.

B4495: In Depth Food Science!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Brian Chau

We will be discussing more about food science in depth just as the title of this class suggests.

There will be a refined list of topics to choose as we explore the science in food.

I hope you are hungry for knowledge because we are going to bring "food for thought" to life.

B4583: Molecular Gastronomy and Fermentation
Difficulty: *

When you're a chemist and a cook, you begin to think of your kitchen as a lab and your food as your creations. Come learn about the chemical (and biochemical) processes used to make the foods we eat every day.

Part I will focus on molecular gastronomy: the application of chemistry to the culinary arts. You'll learn why some foods melt when they get warmer - like ice cream - while others solidify - like methylcellulose ice cream. Wait, what?

Part II will focus on fermentation: the use of microbial cultures to impart new flavors and qualities to existing foods. Ask us what our favorite yeast species is, or what a kombucha scoby is after all.

Allergens: lactose, methocel food gum, eggs.

Prerequisites
Cursory understanding of chemistry and microbiology.

B4598: The powerful and beautiful photosynthesis, a process plants use sunlight and carbon dioxide to make sugar and release oxygen
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ru Zhang

Photosynthesis is a process in which plants and algae use sunlight energy and carbon dioxide to produce food that we live on and release oxygen that we breathe. Photosynthesis changes the world and influences the atmosphere in a scale that you may not image. Besides, it is also beautifully regulated in response to changing environments. In addition, photosynthesis in plants and algae could generate renewable biofuels, contributing to the sustainable environment. In this class, we will learn and discuss the indispensable roles of photosynthesis in our life.

Prerequisites
Be ready to learn and participate in class discussions! Some knowledge in plant biology would help but is not necessary.

B4691: Suicide – Why people die by it, and what we can do
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

From Robin Williams to David Foster Wallace, from people far away to people we may know in the Bay Area, suicide is a reality of human life. This course will be a sober look at the condition that causes the deaths of more people than war, natural disaster and murder combined. We will discuss theories about why these feelings arise and are acted upon. We'll end with discussing what we can do socially and personally to make things better.

[Need help? Call 1 (800) 273-8255 for the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, 24/7. For that and other concerns, text "START" to 741741 for the Crisis Text Line. For more resources, visit http://www.crisistextline.org/get-help-now/ ]

Prerequisites
This will be an emotionally difficult class dealing with a heavy subject. This will be an academic discussion, NOT a replacement for mental health support.

B4487: Polarity: How cells polarize to make tissues, organs, and you!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: KC Farrell

Cells have different sides--apical (up), basal (down), lateral (sides)--that have different functions. It is important for cells to have all of these sides for them to function well, just like you probably would not want your cool new treehouse to lack a floor. Polarization of cells lets them form organs that perform all of the functions that keep you alive. The loss of polarity can contribute to cancer cells leaving their original places and traveling (metastasizing) to other places and injuring other organs.

This class will be particularly beneficial to those who want to become doctors or scientists, as well as those who do not know a lot about biology but want to learn more.

The class will offer an introduction to cell and developmental biology before presenting some of the most recent data about cell polarity. Other topics that will be touched upon include: computer science, biophysics, bioengineering, and medicine.

Prerequisites
None! All levels welcome.

B4521: The Nanoscience of our Living World
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Albert Hinman

There's a lot of buzz words being thrown around with nanotechnology and nanoscience in current media. What exactly is nanoscience, and how does it affect us? This class will serve as a crash course showing how the nano-world interacts with our living one. We will cover: The Basics of Nanoscience, Basic Nanomedicine Applications, Nanoscience & the Environment, and if time permits, Nanotechnology Commercial Products.

If you have the slightest interest in this class, regardless of your background, I highly encourage you to sign up. Remember that to think big, we sometimes have to think small!

Prerequisites
We welcome all to come with an open mind, and an appreciation for science/engineering.

Engineering

E4531: Paper Airplane Showdown: What makes airplanes work? Full!
Difficulty: **

Learn the basics behind airplane stability and efficiency, then put that knowledge to the test by trying to build a paper which flies furthest, fastest, or "best" by your own criteria. Covers the basics of why airplanes fly, how a paper glider can fly without control, and why airplanes for different missions look the way they do. After some illustrations of these concepts, students will be invited to build their own airplanes and experiment with designs to try to design the "ultimate" paper airplane.

Prerequisites
Some sort of kinematics based physics, understanding of force and pressure.

E4524: Materials Gone Wrong!
Difficulty: **

It's a bad day if your phone screen cracks, but it's something else entirely if your airplane falls out of the sky. Learn about the science and engineering behind materials failures in history through demonstrations and hands-on experiments. Emphasis on HANDS-ON demonstrations, not a boring lecture! We'll experience first-hand how liquid metals can catastrophically destroy structural materials in applications like space exploration and aerospace. We'll explore how many materials can change dramatically with changes in structure, temperature, and other conditions. We'll investigate how the chemistry of a surface impacts the material performance, and how surface area is critical at the nanoscale. You'll walk away from this class with greater knowledge of the atomic structure of materials and a deeper appreciation for the diverse properties of the materials that surround our everyday life.

E4618: Introduction to Optimization
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rick Fenrich

What's the fastest way you can get home from school? How can you maximize your startup's profit? How light can you make an airplane? Why are bubbles spherical? These are all examples of optimization problems, which can be found in nature, science, engineering, and your daily life.

This class maximizes the fun in learning about this everyday concept while minimizing boredom. We'll talk about what optimization is, real life examples of it, and basic methods for optimizing (i.e. minimizing or maximizing) various things of interest. At the end you'll have a hands on opportunity to build and test your own optimization algorithm with a team.

Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of what a derivative is.

E4621: Modern Magnets
Difficulty: **

Have you ever wondered how maglev trains, hard disk drives, electric motors, or speakers work? All of these devices have one thing in common: magnets!

In this class, we'll start with a short theoretical description of magnetism, then move on to exploring its applications in modern science and engineering, both at the large and small scales. We'll finish by building interesting experiments that demonstrate the principles of magnetism in a classroom setting.

Prerequisites
High-school level electromagnetics is helpful but not required.

E4476: Sewable Electronics Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Vivian Wang

Learn about the basics of circuits and sewing through a small hands-on sewable circuit project, which you get to keep and take home! We will use (LilyPad) LEDs, snaps, and coin batteries, connected together with conductive thread (no soldering required!). If you have extra fabric scraps, old T-shirts, or spare components you wish to use, feel free to bring them.

Prerequisites
This class is intended for beginners—no knowledge of electronics or sewing required! If you have background knowledge in this area, you might be bored for part of class.

E4615: Let's Build a Walking Robot!
Difficulty: **

Learn about the fundamentals of making robots walk.

We will design and build our gear train, body and different four bar linkages for limbs.

Goal: To have a robot made of legos that can walk and complete a challenge task

Prerequisites
Recommended not necessary: Basic physics (forces, torque)

E4617: Introduction to Semiconductor Physics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Colleen Shang

From smartphones, computers, and LEDs to lasers, solar cells and medical devices, semiconductors have revolutionized the way we live. But have you ever stopped to wonder how semiconductors actually work and how these technologies are made? This class will provide a basic introduction to semiconductor materials and physics, as well as describe common fabrication technologies for making semiconductor-based devices. The class will conclude with a walking tour outside of the Stanford Nanofabrication Facility, where cutting-edge semiconductor research is performed everyday for industry and academia.

Prerequisites
High school level chemistry and/or physics

E4620: Rube Goldberg Challenge
Difficulty: **

Engineering is all about working together! In this class we will first learn about the different kinds of engineering and then break into groups that are each responsible for building one component of a giant Rube Goldberg machine. The ultimate challenge? Trying to put them all together at the end!

E4516: Using Marshmallows to Build an Understanding of Materials Science
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Enze Chen

An introduction to the interdisciplinary field of materials science and engineering. The students will use marshmallows and toothpicks to construct crystal models and explore their physical and chemical properties.

Prerequisites
Nothing technical. Good visualization and common observation skills will help.

E4465: Introduction to Spaceflight
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Jan Kolmas

Overview of rocket propulsion, introduction to the counter-intuitive world of orbital mechanics and discussion of other concepts, such as staging, aerobraking and reentry.

Prerequisites
High school physics (Newton's laws, conservation of momentum)

Difficulty: **
Teachers: Anjali Datta

Each student will build a simple styrofoam cup speaker. We will learn about sound, how speakers work, and basic circuits.

Prerequisites
Please bring a portable music player such as an MP3 player or smartphone if you have one. A few extras will be available to use if you do not have one.

E4472: Science of 3D Printing
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Sharon Chen

What is all the hype surrounding 3D printing about? Why is it considered a revolutionary technology? This class will provide an overview of the capabilities of current 3D printing technologies, their limitations, and how people are trying to achieve better performance. We will then explore specific 3D printing techniques such as fused deposition modeling (extruding hot plastic through a nozzle), stereolithography (curing by ultraviolet light), and selective laser sintering (melting together fine powder), relying on basic chemistry, materials science, and engineering concepts to better understand the principles behind these processes.

E4509: DSP for kids
Difficulty: *

We are surrounded by many many devices such as cell phones and tablets that use advanced digital signal processing tools to make our lives easier. Most of us cannot imagine our lives without them. However, very few of us know what is running the show behind the curtains. Signal processing courses are not taught until advanced levels of electrical engineering. At that time, the curriculum doesn't make sense and it's typically taught in a very abstract and complicated way.

In this class, we developed a simple introduction to signal processing curriculum for anybody in high school. The topics will include:
- Analog/Discrete/Digital
- Sampling theory and aliasing
- Fourier series/Fourier transform
- Frequency response
- Audio signal processing
- Digital image processing

Difficulty: **

Come and get some hands on experience with 3D printing and CAD. In a 90 minute session you will learn:

- Basic Workflow
- Types of 3D printing
- How to create you own item

Prerequisites
None. If you have some CAD experience you are welcome

E4530: Introduction to Earthquake Engineering
Difficulty: **

Earthquakes are one of Earth's most devastating phenomena. Their effects can damage and even collapse buildings! For these reasons, a good understanding of earthquakes is essential to design and build safe structures. Come learn about earthquakes and ways to design for them! The class will be fun and interactive and it will cover the basic physics behind earthquake engineering design; the focus will be on explaining concepts through demonstrations.

E4535: Cool Polymer Science
Difficulty: **

Polymers are fascinating materials that can be found almost everywhere in our daily lives. From the plastics we buy at the store to the skin on our bones, polymers come in all shapes and sizes. Due to their interesting and special properties, polymers are used in many applications, from flexible materials to electronic devices to complex fluids. In this short course, taught by the Stanford Polymer Collective, we'll learn about polymers through fun hands-on activities that highlight some of their most important properties.

E4591: Squishy Circuits
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Songhee Han, Amy Liu

Explore electronics and create circuits using Play-Doh! We'll investigate the difference between a conductor and an insulator and try our hand at crafting series and parallel circuits. Everyone will get the chance to build their own Play-Doh sculpture and figure out how to light it up with LEDs and a battery. The class will be a playful and creative investigation of electricity and the mechanisms that power our homes and the devices we use in our day-to-day lives.

Prerequisites
Excitement and willingness to explore and have fun with science! Course assumes no prior knowledge of electronics/circuitry.

E4729: Build Your Own Solar Phone Charger
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Claudia Brunner

Interested in sustainability and renewable energy? Want to do a fun hands-on engineering project? In this class you will get the chance to build a 100% clean energy portable phone charger using a photovoltaic cell! This class is taught by the Stanford Chapter of Engineers for a Sustainable World, a student group passionate about sustainability and social impact.

Hobbies

H4461: World Changer's Think Tank
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Yoo Kim

Calling all changemakers!

Are you interested in starting a service project? If you want to design and implement a plan to improve your school, community, or the world, attend the World Changer's Think Tank!

World Changer's Think Tank will present advice distilled from the experiences of university students and young professionals who are improving their world one project at a time--from delivering teddy bears to hospitals and orphanages in Ghana to installing U.V. water filters in Guatemala to giving refugees access to after-school education.

World Changer’s Think Tank will teach you how to:

-Brainstorm Ideas
-Identify Resources
-Budget Successfully
-Delegate Responsibilities

Participants will be able to present their community service project proposals at the conclusion of the workshop.

Prerequisites
Bring ideas to improve your school, community, and the world!

H4505: Running 26.2 Miles On Purpose!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Ting

About 2,500 years ago, a Greek Soldier, Pheidippides, ran from Marathon to Athens, without stopping, to deliver news of a military victory against the Persians in the Battle of Marathon.

In 1896, the modern day Olympics included an event known as Marathon, to commemorate Pheidippides's dramatic run.

Come find out the increasingly popular sports of Marathon - why do people run 26.2 miles on purpose, what effect it has in their life, and what it takes to prepare for this amazing and often life changing sporting event!

H4605: Martial Arts 101
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Christine Jarjour

Learn some karate basics! In under 2 hours we'll go over basic throws and self defense techniques and teach you how to throw a killer roundhouse kick. No experience needed!

Make sure to dress in comfortable clothes (athletic bottoms).

H4643: Introduction to Bridge (the card game!)
Difficulty: *

Question: What do Bill Gates and Warren Buffet have in common?

Answer: They're both billionaires and they both love the card game bridge.

If you too aspire to become a bridge-playing billionaire, then the first step is to learn how to play bridge! (Sadly, the second step is not covered in this class.)

Bridge is a fun and brainy card game somewhat like hearts and spades. It's played 2 vs 2, so good communication and teamwork are key to victory. (Another benefit of bridge being played 2 vs 2 is that if you ever lose - hypothetically, of course - you've got someone other than yourself to blame!)

This class is for anyone and everyone who wants to learn bridge. No experience necessary!

H4554: Burmese cooking Full!
Difficulty: **

In this hands-on class, you will make your own Burmese dinner table and transport yourself to a typical Burmese family house. Come learn Burmese home style cooking from scratch and discover the culture through cooking! After this class, you will have a better understanding of what Burmese cuisine is and will be able to create your own Burmese-inspired dishes. If you are a food lover, food blogger, cultural enthusiast, a cook or someone who simply believes in the power of food for creating a good time, then this class is for you!

All ingredients and kitchen equipments will be provided and all levels of cooking experience are welcome. We will be making one main course, one side dish and one soup. Menu TBD.

Allergens: Soy, Peanuts, legumes

H4720: Chai tea?: The history and rise to fame of an American misnomer
Difficulty: *

A misnomer is the wrong use of name and the word "chai" is exactly that. Chai tea has quickly risen to prominence amongst tea drinkers around the country. If you go to any Starbucks, the Chai tea latte is bound to be one of the most popular drinks. Something about the unique blend of herbs draws attracts people like no other. But why? How did this happen? What is exactly is Chai tea? We will learn about the origin, history, and present popularity of chai. There will be an interactive part of the class where we will make our own tea bags from an assortment of teas as well as have the opportunity to decorate a mug! Get ready to have some fun and make some chai!

Prerequisites
None

H4722: The Beginner’s Guide To Essential Oils: Using mother nature as a tool in wellness, cleaning, beauty, and more!
Difficulty: **

We will learn about essential oils, where they come from, the four ways to use them, and the potential benefits gained from doing so. Students will be able to take home a handy-dandy guide that lists the essential oils covered in the class and more. Students will also have the opportunity to smell several essential oils and choose two to take make their own air freshener!

H4726: Floppy Drive Orchestra
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ashwin Agarwal

https://youtu.be/lx_vWkv50uk

Have you ever seen a floppy drive?
Don't know what they are?
Wanna know how they work?

Wanna play some *music* on them?

We're gonna make floppy drives that play songs, like in the video at the top.

And then we're gonna compose our own orchestral masterpiece!

Email me if you have any question!
saga@stanford.edu

Prerequisites
Interested in music (singing in the shower totally counts!)

H4663: Cirque du Stanford: Juggling 101
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Aric Floyd, Nate Simon

Improving your hand-eye coordination, focus, dexterity and physical strength might sound like difficult tasks, but you can do it all while having a blast by learning to juggle! By the end of this class, you will have mastered the basic 3-ball pattern, and made your own set of juggling balls so you can perfect your skills at home. Plus, a brief presentation/demonstration by the instructors will introduce you to more advanced styles of juggling, and (hopefully) inspire you to keep practicing one of the oldest forms of recreation and entertainment in existence.

H4678: Vegetarian Eating Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Cooper Galvin, Ying Sun

No. We will not be eating vegetarians. We will explore the relationship between vegetarian healthy eating and the health of the planet. With a focus on recent research on nutrition, health outcomes, and environmental results, we will consider practical ways we can all shape our diets to improve our own and our planet's health.

H4559: Around the World in 80 Accents
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Ben Gardner-Gill

Accents are fun to do, and we'll try our hand at doing some. But what are we trying to emulate? What in an accent keys us into its fundamental character? We'll explore this together for a wide variety of accents, and come up with some theories as to what's the key thing for particular accents.

H4563: Crossword Puzzles
Difficulty: *
Teachers: David Steinberg

Wish you were better at solving crossword puzzles? Curious about how they're constructed and edited? Want to learn more about the rich history of cruciverbalism? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this is the course for you! Come learn about the ins and outs of crossword puzzles from world-renowned New York Times constructor David Steinberg.

H4573: Origami for Beginners
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Dan Holland

Origami: the Japanese art of paper folding. We will go over the basic types of folds, bases, and techniques while constructing simple models. By the end of the session, participants will know how to read origami instructions/formulas, how to make different types of folds, and understand everything they need to know to be able to continue origami on their own. Paper is provided.

H4733: Mightier than the Sword: The Greatest Pens (and Pencils) Ever Made
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

A few years ago, I began my search for the greatest writing tools ever made. Although the quest for a definitive answer continues, I have identified some of the smoothest and most elegant (and at times most expensive) pens and pencils ever crafted by humankind.

We'll examine the world of the mighty pen (with a focus on the elegant fountain pen) and trusty pencil (both mechanical and conventional). There will be live demos and samples on display.

Life Skills

L4546: Let’s Design a Satisfying Sustainable Life
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tom Kabat

Let’s brainstorm to design a satisfying and sustainable life. We'll have group discussion of values, choices and results. We'll explore the intersection of satisfaction, sustainability, consumption and community. Let's explore the balance of many possible roles in our lives and how they can add satisfaction and promote sustainability

L4731: The College Decision
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Erin Schwartz

Colleges come in every shape and size imaginable; the ways they are different are as vast as their number. Because of this diversity, it is important to pick an institution that is right for YOU.

In this 2-hour class we will take the first hour to introduce different types of colleges and professional institutions, and then go more in depth into the considerations that people make in deciding where to attend. You will participate in hands-on activities to identify what you personally value in a post-secondary education to help you organize your ideas of what you want in a college. In the second hour I will bring in a panel of students and professionals from different undergraduate institutions to share their thoughts about their college selection.

L4569: Crushing College Admissions: The "IT" Factor
Difficulty: *

How do you get into the college of your choice.. besides a laundry list of good grades, advanced classes, extra curricular activities?

In this discussion course we will discuss how to make yourself stand-out from a pool of well rounded applicants. This course is mostly focused on building a unique individual, and will benefit students early in their high school career.

*** Disclaimer: The content of the class does not represent or reflect the official views, opinions, or guidelines of Stanford University.

L4624: Effective Altruism
Difficulty: *

How should one act in order to do the most good? Should we volunteer for a charity? If so, which charity? Or should we instead work at a high-paying job so that we can donate money? While these questions are complex, we do know some things, and the answers are often unintuitive. In this class I will talk about the basics of effective altruism, with a focus on what you can do as a high school student.

L4647: Networking Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Soheil Shayegh

Living in today's world of fast communication can be an overwhelming experience specially for prospective college students and newcomers to the job market. This course teaches you how to network, meet and stay in touch with professionals in your field.

L4537: Calm Down: Tips for Writing College Essays
Difficulty: *

Are you nervous about writing your college application essays? Sure you are. Isn't everyone? But we've been through them already, and we think we did alright. So, if you'd like to pick our brains for advice or simply listen to us talk about what we think will help you, come chat with us.

L4590: Successful Interviewing for Colleges, Jobs, Internships, etc!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Eric Macias

I have interviewed for jobs, internships, and colleges more times than I can remember, and I have also interviewed teens for an open position. From these experiences, I've looked back on my interviewing skills and found many ways to make them stronger.

If you have never had a job and want to become a better interviewee, come check this class out! If you have had a job and just want to become a stronger interviewee, you are highly encouraged to check this out!

College interviews can be extremely nerve racking, and this course WILL cover them in an effort to prepare you.

The types of interview preparation involve initial greeting, pre-interview work, appropriate attire, mathematical brain busters, and more!

L4705: Basic First Aid
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Cindy Torma

Sometimes emergencies happen, and it's best to be prepared. In this hands-on class, we will learn the basics of first aid for emergencies: how to analyze a situation, and how to provide care in crises, from the Heimlich to CPR.

L4718: The (Learnable) Art of Beautiful Connections Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eleanor Collier

Ever had an uncomfortable conversation? Ever kept cringing about that one awkward thing you said? Ever felt frustrated with yourself for not being able to connect with people as easily as others seem to?

Social anxiety is the third most common psychological issue in the US. Luckily, it's something that people can overcome by building socio-emotional skills! In this fun and interactive class, we'll explore how listening strategies, empathy, and self-compassion can help us become more comfortable with ourselves and form deep, exciting connections with others.

Students will leave class with a conversational toolkit based on focused appreciation of others and reduced self-criticism. Even if you don't have social anxiety, this workshop is a wonderful way to grow your interpersonal skills.

Prerequisites
Come with your "growth mindset" on - look at challenges as an opportunity to learn and improve!

L4467: Personality
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Henry Wang

Prerequisites
Just an eagerness to learn about yourself and those around you better.

Difficulty: **
Teachers: Eric Macias

Want to fill the critical thinking void that has been missing in your life lately? Think you can figure out the solutions to questions that routinely baffle Google interviewees? Think you can figure out how many people there are in a thirty story building?

Come to Brain Teasers! We will be going over multiple brain teasers that may help you improve your critical thinking. Some of these questions have even been used during interviews for companies like IBM, Google, and more!

L4483: The Practice of Everyday Happiness
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Carter Osborne

This class explores one simple question: how do we become more happy?

We will use fun activities and interactive practices to learn about the many components of happiness: compassion, gratitude, relaxation, and more.

How can we better express gratitude for others? What is "self-compassion," and how can we use it to enrich our lives? Does being happy actually produce benefits in all the aspects of our daily lives: social, personal, academic, etc? (hint: it does)

Students will leave the class with a number of skills and practices to more effectively manage stress, stay resilient during challenging times, and (most importantly) enrich everyday happiness.

Prerequisites
Positive energy and an open mind!

L4510: How to BS
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Andrew Ntim

In the immortal words of 22-time Emmy winner and Daily Show host Jon Stewart, “BS is everywhere.” And in a country where Coca-Cola sponsors research disproving soda’s negative health effects and Donald Trump claims the nation’s unemployment is eight times higher than it is in actuality, I would be inclined to agree.

But in today’s society, there’s much more than “the premediated, institutional BS designed to obscure and distract” Stewart so often derided on The Daily Show. Business jargon, college applications, online dating: all of these everyday parts of our society all but necessitate some form of BS from us. And for anyone trying to get a job, get into college, or make friends, all this BSing might seem a little bit intimidating.

In this seminar-style class, we’ll first teach you how to identify some of the different types of BS you might experience in your time beyond high school, illustrate the art and craft of BS through analysis of some of its masters (á la the 2016 Presidential debates), and finally run through some improv-style exercises aimed at improving BSability and social confidence in a variety of different situations you might face. By the end of the class, I can’t promise you’ll be a master BSer, but I’m sure you’ll come out a more confident communicator … and have a good amount of fun :)

Prerequisites
Adult themes and language present throughout. A sense of humor and a dose of maturity will be necessary for participation.

L4512: Interview Skills for Internship, College, and Job Applications
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Oriana Li Halevy

Are you anxious about internship, college, or job interviews? Come to this interactive course to receive solid tips from a Class of 1992 Harvard College pre-med turned United Nations intern turned US Department of State diplomatic interpreter turned multinational law firm corporate attorney turned venture investor, cross-border business consultant and strategist, and bilingual communications specialist and published translator/editor who has been on both sides of these interviews since high school. This course is for anyone wishing to develop and fine-tune interviewing skills that can be applied in a variety of settings. Topics will include: Preparation Presentation Common interview questions Common pitfalls Closing the interview Thank you notes.

L4547: Finding Passion
Difficulty: *

How do we find passion? We all know what sorts of things we like and dislike. But how do we turn these likes and dislikes into a meaningful, actionable future? In this workshop, we'll start by talking about our hobbies and the things we enjoy, and try to gain some insight into what motivates us. Next, we'll think about how we might connect these motivations to a purpose: How might we take the things we enjoy and apply them to a meaningful pursuit?

We don't expect that everyone in this workshop will discover their true passions right away! Our goal in this class session is to get the wheels turning, and to help you think through these important questions on your own. Remember, choosing something to be passionate about is not a life-long commitment, it's a decision that you will revisit time and time again.

L4479: How to Talk Your Way into a Job.
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Brian Chau

We need to talk. Those are words you generally don't want to hear. Seriously, we need to talk about talking...or should I say, networking? So, let us practice networking and pick up a few tips on business etiquette, the interview process and the elevator pitch. If time permits, we can discuss about LinkedIn etiquette along with e-mails, thank you notes and other business etiquette.

Prerequisites
If you are considered to be an introvert, do not fret! You, too, can be skilled in networking.

L4497: Radio 4 Everyone: Sports 4 Social Change
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kenneth Huo

Radio 4 Everyone : You are going to record your own voice, your story, with your compassion, concerns, as other world’s most famous musicians, cultural leaders and communicators, and share with each others in class, then, who will create brilliant and unique programming may further share with the other 7 billions.

Create your own special ‘goals’ content tailor made for your audience and platforms. We will use radio’s unique position & technique as the most accessible medium to communicate to people across the world, globally.

Let's practice for generating fresh ideas, new vision, clearly defining a compelling opportunity for idea/voice/story innovation, exploring your intelligence as an social innovator!

Prerequisites
NA

L4545: Bicycle Maintenance Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tom Kabat

Let's adjust gears, brakes, and the way a bike fits so your ride improves. We even patch tires, and fix klunky, squeaky, and loose things. Bring your bike if you can, we can tune it up.

L4473: Intro to Personal Finance
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Melissa Ko

The average American household is thousands of dollars in debt. Learning early on about personal finance can help you avoid money problems down the road!

In this class, we will discuss what you will want to know about finances to make smart decisions with your money.

Come find out little steps that you can take now to practice and build better money habits. Please bring any questions you would like to discuss about personal finance. Note that this is NOT purely an investing class, though we can talk a little about how investing may fit into your saving strategy.

Prerequisites
This class is geared towards complete beginners. If you don’t know or understand credit scores, budgeting, or interest rates, then this is the class for you.

L4477: Heart Beats and Tasty Treats
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Marisa Kwiatkowski

This is an interactive class that includes an exercise investigation and a food science experiment (with a bit of yummy fun!). We will use a scientific process to measure our heart rate during different creative activities, make some ice cream while we examine the freezing process and use our cooking math, and finish up with a discussion about healthy eating and nutrition challenges. We will have a blast incorporating healthy living skills, teamwork, and engaging in critical thinking as a group.

Wear attire appropriate for moving around and come ready for some fun!

L4496: Design 4 Refugee : Service 4 Civic Engagement
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kenneth Huo

ref·u·gee: refyo͝oˈjē / noun - a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.

synonyms: émigré, fugitive, exile, displaced person, asylum seeker; boat people. e.g. "collecting blankets for the refugees".

Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object or a system (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams and sewing patterns).

Design 4 Refugee is trying to identify, prototype, and scale technologies and practices, create innovative design ideas, thinking that strengthen humanitarian work. We like to build and scale innovations that improve children’s lives around the world.

Let's practice for generating fresh ideas, new vision, clearly defining a compelling opportunity for idea innovation, exploring your intelligence as an social innovator!

Prerequisites
NA

Difficulty: *
Teachers: Jaclyn Chiew

And flow it must when you and your teammates are tasked with confronting challenging, time-sensitive, trials that test the boundaries of your imaginative capabilities. How would you build a bridge of straws? or create a load-bearing container made of newspaper? or develop a non-verbal communication code? The mission will be revealed. And then, if you tap abilities you never thought you had and appreciate the fact that a team is greater than its parts, you will discover that creativity just doesn’t flow, it gushes.

Prerequisites
open mind and big smile :)

L4499: Hack 4 Earth – Action 4 Environmental Justice / Let’s talk Geoengineering!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kenneth Huo

Geoengineering projects represent examples of thinking big. This seeks to facilitate the sharing of ideas and resources to foster synergies in a natural way. A place for social innovation and cooperation.

Some problems have easy solutions. If we feel sweaty, we’ll head for the shade. If our soup’s too hot, we’ll blow on it. If a room’s too stuffy, we’ll open a window. But what are the options when the planet grows too warm?That is the problem — and an enormous one — that Earth and its dwellers now face. In recent decades, the planet has begun developing a fever. It’s caused by carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases polluting the atmosphere.
The safest treatment should be to stop polluting, except that people show no signs of cutting back substantially on burning the fossil fuels that release this pollution. So some scientists have begun seriously considering a backup plan. It involves hacking the Earth.

They propose altering natural processes at work in some of Earth’s most extreme but pivotal environments, from the deepest ocean to the upper atmosphere.

Let's practice for generating fresh ideas, new vision, clearly defining a compelling opportunity for idea/voice/story innovation, exploring your intelligence as a hacker 4 planet!

Prerequisites
NA

L4498: Hack 4 Youth - Technology 4 Creative Innovation
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Kenneth Huo

Hack means to prominently demonstrate technical aptitude and cleverness, or to commemorate popular culture. This seeks to facilitate the sharing of ideas and resources to foster synergies in an innovative way. It will be a place for social innovation and cooperation.

The hacker culture is a subculture of individuals who enjoy the intellectual challenge of creatively overcoming and circumventing limitations of systems to achieve novel and clever outcomes. The act of engaging in activities (such as programming or other media) in a spirit of playfulness and exploration is termed "hacking".

One option for Hack 4 Youth is for students who want to create apps, build websites, and make games. Definitely, we don’t have enough time to do that in 45 minutes, but, if participants will like to show case and share whatever he or she developed, i.e.mobile app solutions that make changes. We'll welcome you to come and share your experience in fundamental web development skills transferable to game and app development. We welcome anybody, no prior experience necessary.

Anyone with some experience are welcome as well, of course.

Prerequisites
NA

L4549: Peaceful Communication Full!
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Mango Martin

You will learn to use mindfulness and empathy to communicate honestly and non-violently.

L4688: Justice - What’s the Right Thing to Do?
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

Bank bailouts. Stealing to feed your hungry kid. Lying to save Jews in your basement. Waterboarding. What’s right and what’s wrong? And how do we know?

This will be a crash course in Ethics, the rigorous discipline of determining what’s right. This lost science will be critical for anyone who will have to make decisions in their life.

I’m modeling this course after the enormously popular class and book taught by Michael Sandel at Harvard (Google my course title).

L4464: Miss CEO: Becoming An Effective Leader
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nita Singh Kaushal

L4717: Beyond Happiness: Understanding the Science of Human Flourishing Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alfred Delena

"Happiness depends on ourselves." ― Aristotle

Is there more to life than just happiness? Or is happiness the end goal of human existence, as Aristotle proposed in 350 BC? These are just two questions from a whole array of inquires that will guide this course.

Spanning the fields of philosophy, psychology, education, neuroscience, and biology, we will go on a journey of understanding the science behind what it means to flourish. Within this context, we will explore the worlds of happiness, resilience, compassion, meaningfulness, mindfulness, stress, strengths, and human connection. Additionally, by the end of the course, you will leave with several practical, evidence-based strategies for improving your well-being.

This course will be a seminar in that I will not be lecturing the entire time. This course is designed so that all of us will be actively participating in our learning. There will be various activities for you all to engage in. These activities are meant to help with the application of knowledge gained as well as to share with others your experiences and ideas, within pairs and within groups. My goal is to help foster, within you, healthy habits, challenge you to explore new territory, question any assumptions you might have, and to help aid in facilitating open and friendly exchanges between you and the other students in this seminar.

Prerequisites
As this course has a small number of students, I would like you to bring an open mind, a willingness to engage and participate, and a commitment to learn and apply knowledge gained during and after Splash. I invite all and any who are interested as a long as you are comfortable and willing to engage and help with the learning of myself and your fellow Splash learners.

Mathematics and Computer Science

M4707: Showing off with (Math) bases
Difficulty: **

In this short but entertaining session, come find out two or three tricks that you can play with some simple knowledge about bases in Math!
Hopefully, after this class, you will even design your own tricks with numbers and impress your friends!

Prerequisites
basic calculation skills (addition, multiplication, power)

M4625: Building iPhone Apps
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Nick Troccoli

Ever wondered how the apps on an iPhone work? Ever wanted to go behind the scenes and make your own? We’ll take a look at how an iPhone app is created, from designing the interface to writing the code. Get a taste of what real developers do on a daily basis, and how you can make your own apps!

Prerequisites
Core programming knowledge, including functions and variables (knowledge of object-oriented programming, including classes and methods, recommended).

M4633: Game Theory: Winning Strategies and Nash Equilibria
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Bryan Cheong

How do people make choices, especially if their decisions will affect not only themselves, but also each other? How do they strategise to get the best outcomes for themselves?

Game Theory is the study that tries to answer these questions. It has found many applications in mathematics, economics, political science and computer science. With a little bit of simple mathematics, we can obtain great insight on how people behave - or ought to behave - and strategise in a situation.

This class will introduce the concepts of best response, dominant strategies and Nash equilibria. We will not only look at simple two-player games, such as the 'Prisoner's Dilemma,' 'Tit for Tat' and 'Battle of the Sexes,' but also discuss other applications of game theory that are less popularly discussed, like auctions, matching for roommates and in a "marriage market," and games over a dynamic (multi-stage) time horizon.

Prerequisites
Be comfortable with doing a little bit of math.

M4741: The Art of Estimation
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

To get an answer that's precise, go ahead and calculate, compute, and crunch formulas. But to get an answer that you can understand, there's no better method than quick-and-dirty estimation, the quicker and dirtier the better.

Calculating the number of cells in the human body or the weekly Caltrain ridership off the top of your head is more than just a fun parlor trick. By estimating, you're getting a feel for the numbers in an active way—a crucial first step to solve any problem.

From economists to engineers, those who hope to grasp the numbers that describe the world must eventually develop the crucial skill and elegant art of estimation.

M4735: Math by Storytelling
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

Sometimes, if you're doing it the hard way, you're doing it wrong. In math, oftentimes we can get away with very few equations and calculations, if any at all. Instead, we can rely on another powerful tool at our disposal: storytelling. We will examine how we can do some difficult combinatorics problems simply by interpreting what the math means.

M4692: That's So Random
Difficulty: ***

What does it mean to be "random"? Is the world inherently deterministic or random?

Many fields of study including statistics, physics, computer science, and philosophy have tried to answer these questions in many different ways. While randomness is frequently viewed as a source of uncertainty, are there ways we can leverage randomness to our advantage?

In this course, we will survey various attempts to answer these questions and more, discussing definitions of randomness, algorithmic and cryptographic applications of randomness, and the existence of randomness in the real world.

Prerequisites
Familiarity with very basic probability (for example, what is the probability that I flip one head and two tails when I flip three coins?)

M4690: Counting
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Evan Warner

Here's the way this goes: someone thinks of a counting problem, like "how many ways can you make change for n cents?" The answer is some sort of sequence - one number for each n. Usually it's fairly hopeless to try to find a nice formula for each number, but we can often figure out how fast the sequence grows (and therefore compare it to other sequences). Our main tool will be something called the generating function.

I'll go over how this works by going through a couple of examples, and then we'll come up with a few problems of our own to tackle.

Prerequisites
Most helpful would be the sort of familiarity with manipulating functions that one theoretically gets in a precalculus class.

M4724: How to Use Encrypted Email
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Tim Howes

Regular e-mail is not well protected. It can be read by the people who run the mail servers and by others who intercept the data. In this class, we will learn how to set up PGP encryption to protect your messages. We'll also consider secure webmail services, self-hosted solutions, and mobile apps for encrypted communication.

Prerequisites
Familiarity with both web-based email and desktop email software (such as Thunderbird) will be helpful.

M4466: Continued Fractions
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rohan Mehta

Continued fractions are interesting mathematical structures with many useful properties. Learn about how you can use continued fractions to approximate pi, discover why the golden ratio is so special, and explore chaotic systems.

M4619: Introduction to Chaos Theory
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Katherine Sytwu

Chaos theory is best described by the butterfly effect: small disturbances in a system, like the flap of a single butterfly’s wing, can strongly influence future behavior, like a hurricane halfway across the world years later. In this class, we’ll define what it means to be a chaotic system, take a look at some of the most well-known models of chaos, and talk about some of the modern day applications.

Prerequisites
Algebra. Knowledge of basic calculus (derivatives) will be helpful, but not necessary

M4455: To Infinity and Beyond!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jonathan Kang

Ever wondered what is the biggest number? That's easy! There's no biggest number! But the notion of infinity is more than meets the eye.

In this course, we will attempt to answer questions such as: What do we really mean when we say there are infinitely many natural numbers? How did we arrive at our present understanding of infinity? Are there different kinds of infinities?

Prerequisites
Familiarity with algebra, comfort with basic mathematical proofs.

M4482: How thinking simple can get you a long way
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rajiv Krishnakumar

Turns out some math problems don't need that much math to solve! Together, we'll look at some real-world problems which at first seem tricky to solve or even kind of bizarre, but if you think about them for a little bit of time, you can figure it out without complicated math.

M4650: How internet works?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Charlie Zhu

For the vast majority of users, internet is a mystery. We typed in the webpage address, and boo-yah, we have the webpage. And even more confusing, (roughly speaking), we can get any page we want.

BUT HOW IS THAT EVEN POSSIBLE? Why the internet is so powerful? And where are the supernatural goblins behind the system?

In this session, we will have a brief overview of networking, from a software perspective. In particular, we will introduce the idea of distributed system, and the mechanism through which system is connected. We have a lot to go through, but I guarantee it is going to be a mind-blowing experience peeking into the black box of internet.

M4558: Oh wait! You can do that? Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Charlie Zhu

"Neural Network" "Machine Learning" "Deep learning" "Big Data" and etc. Living near the bay area, we are constantly greeted by these buzz words of cutting-edge computer technologies. And in one way or another, all of us have interacted with these 'smart' machines, and have benefited from a powerful machine 'brain'.

Curious minds of us may have asked ourselves about these technological advancements: what is Machine Learning? Why and how does it work? How can I use it?

This introductory course to Machine Learning aims to show you the magic of data analysis, and to provide a broad overview of the landscape and magnificence of Machine Learning. A formal framework will be introduced in the class, with a few case studies to reinforce our learning process. :)

Prerequisites
I will try my best to rescue ourselves from the laborious and boring math proofs and deductions. With that said, solid understanding of calculus, derivatives in particular, will serve you well for the class

Difficulty: *

Want to learn to be a hacker with mad skillz? Don't actually know where to start? We will be starting with the basics behind the logic of programming by creating a simple, text based "choose your own adventure" game. You bring the ideas, we'll take care of the coding -- and then explain how we did it!

Prerequisites
This class is intended for younger students with absolutely no programming experience. Topics covered will include variable assignment, if statements, for loops, and while loops. If you know what those are, you may be too advanced for this class.

M4626: What is Computer Science?
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Nick Troccoli

Computer science is more than just programming - it's learning how to solve problems using computers. This class will teach you the fundamentals of computer programming and how to think like a computer scientist: how to solve programming problems, understand what a computer is doing, and most importantly how to fix programming bugs if they come up. Join us and learn what computer science is all about!

M4460: The Beauty of Advanced Mathematics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Nicholas Dwork

Math is often described as "beautiful" and described as "artistic". But what does this mean? In this lecture, we'll look at the similarities between math and art, go through some exercises where we must think artistically in order to accomplish math, and see some recent beautiful mathematical accomplishments.

Prerequisites
Knowledge of functions.

M4540: The Art of Problem Solving
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chao Liu

This interactive workshop is for students who like math but find the problems given in school too straight-forward. We will work through some problems given in "The Art of Problem Solving" by Lehoczky and Rusczyk (similar to problems encountered in math competitions) in teams. Often times, there are clever tricks involved, and this class will teach students to start thinking about problems in more efficient ways!

Prerequisites
algebra

M4577: Predictive Power: Who Will Be the Next President of the US?
Difficulty: *

Do you think you know who will be the next president? Come tell us! In this course we will be investigating the math behind predicting elections, sports games, and even the ratio of the different colored M&M's.
Together we will explore the intricacies of statistics through hands-on, interactive activities, ranging from counting candy to determining who will become the next president. Come join us!
**(Note: there is a 99.999997% chance you will sign up for this class- Will you be part of this statistics?)

M4651: The Mathematics of Sports Gambling
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Spar

Do you like watching football, basketball or baseball? Have you ever heard or read the term "spread", "teaser" or "parlay" and wondered what it meant? Do you think statistics are interesting? If you even thought about answering yes to one of those questions, this is the class for you! In this course, we will first learn the basic terms used to describe the different types of sports bets. We will then learn about expected value calculations and use them to show why these bets all are losing propositions. We will also calculate how certain you need to be of an outcome in order to make bet with positive expected value.

M4623: Lying and Cheating: How to Catch The Bad Guys (or Become Them) Using Math
Difficulty: **

Today, you will learn how some of the greatest liars and cheats of all time were caught using math. You’ll even catch a couple yourself.

From a national conspiracy to fabricate voting results, to hiding the side-affects of a multi-billion dollar drug, math can either make or break the deal.

M4494: Linear Fractional Transformations
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: xinyi jiang

Complex numbers have a lot of nice properties that are hard to find in real numbers. For example, a lot of operations in complex numbers can be interpreted in a geometric way. In this class, we examine the function $f(z)=\frac{az+b}{cz+d}$, which is called a linear fractional transformation. It is a very important function in maths. By showing you what this function does geometrically, I hope you would be able to appreciate the beauty of complex numbers.

Prerequisites
Familiarity with addition/subtraction/multiplication/division using complex numbers. If you haven't learned these in school, a quick google search and some exercises could serve the purpose as well.

M4551: Mystery Magic and Math
Difficulty: **

Take your coffee mug. Think of the rim as a compass with the handle pointing North. Tap it gently with a spoon at South and North-East. Can you hear the difference? If you can and want to know why, check out this class. If you can't, definitely come to the class - we'll show you how ;)

We won't stop at that - an hour full of mysteries, magic and math await.

Prerequisites
None

M4728: Physics & Computation
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: David Hyde

Mathematics, physics, and computer science are connected in fundamental and powerful ways. Modern science combines techniques from all these fields to enhance our understanding of the universe.

In this class I will talk about some of the very cool ways in which physics and computer science interact. I'll spend about half the class talking about computational physics - using computers to solve physics problems - and its applications, which range from nuclear weapons to computer graphics in movies and video games. I'll spend another part of class talking about quantum computers, and the amazing things they can (and can't!) do.

During the class, I'll explain some relevant equations and mathematical ideas. The class should be enjoyable for people at all levels of math, but I am including some more advanced math for students who are interested in the theory (math is the magic behind everything!).

Prerequisites
Algebra is necessary. Geometry may help a bit. Calculus students may be able to get more out of the class, but I am intentionally teaching the class without calculus as a prerequisite! Any physics and programming experience will also give more enjoyment of the class, but nothing is required.

M4525: Mathemagical Puzzles
Difficulty: **

Explore a world of mathematical thinking and problem solving in this interactive workshop. Topics will be presented and then students will break into groups to further explore the concepts for themselves. Likely topics will include geometric intuition on algebraic ideas, logic puzzles and possibly a foray into high dimensional geometry! The emphasis of the class will allow for students to grapple with problems and work with others to develop their own intuition on approaching new concepts.

M4555: Big Earth, Big Data
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Cyndi Kelly

A brief introduction to some of the biggest problems that scientists face when studying the Earth. We'll talk about the different types of data geoscientists use to learn about Earth processes, and some of the tools (hardware and especially software) they use to do so.

Prerequisites
Some calculus, and familiarity making plots in Microsoft Excel recommended.

M4631: Basic machine learning
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Michael Wei

How do computers learn? We'll learn about some of the techniques involved, and how they apply to everything from self-driving cars to Youtube recommendations.

Prerequisites
An understanding of statistics will help, but isn't required

Physical Science

P4502: Let's make science with science fiction
Difficulty: **
Teachers: arthur morlot

With the new star wars coming out this December, you would love being a jedi, but think it's against physics law ? You always wondered how an interstellar ship would really look like ? Can Godzilla really destroy New York ?

Join us to put a bit of physics in science fiction and try to answer these questions.

We'll go over some of the most well known science fiction films together to see what is needed to make them a reality, and if, by chance, we could see them during our life :)

P4568: The Science of Invisibility Full!
Difficulty: *

Harry Potter has an invisibility cloak - can we make one, too? This class will explore the basic science behind invisibility through a series of interactive demos, and we'll explain how they work. We will also talk about some of the cutting edge research being done on cloaking today!

P4571: The Galileo Affair
Difficulty: *

"Future centuries may find it strange that after he retracted an opinion which had not yet been absolutely prohibited in public... so much rigor should be used against a pitiable old septuagenarian as to keep him in a (private if not public) prison: he is not allowed to return to his city and his house, or to receive visits and comfort from friends. He has infirmities that are almost inseparable from old age and require almost continuous assistance.... This shook my heart and drove me to tears, as I considered the vicissitudes of human affairs and the fact that he had had so many uncommon honors and accomplishments, whose memory will last for centuries." (December 5, 1634, Peiresc's plea for a pardon)

In 1633, the Roman inquisition condemned Galileo as a suspected heretic for defending Copernicus's hypothesis of the earth's motion, and denying the scientific authority of Scripture. This incident is the most cited one in the history of science-religion interactions. Does the trial of Galileo epitomize the conflict between enlightened science and dogmatic religion? We will go beyond the simple narratives of that story to look deeper into the scientific, religious, philosophical and personal issues at stake in this controversy, based on what the original documents and letters say.

Note: This is a history of science class, not a regular science class.

P4628: Super Stuff
Difficulty: **

We usually describe the world around us in terms of solids, liquids, and gases. And that works pretty well for most stuff-- but with the advent of quantum mechanics, we quickly discovered some new, "super" kinds of stuff. In this class I'll introduce you to some of the weirdest states of matter: superfluids, superconductors, quantum gases, and the like. We'll talk about what's so "super" about them, some of the physics that makes them tick, and how people actually use them in the real world!

P4657: Garage Sale Physics
Difficulty: *

Ever found yourself wondering what the abstract equations in your physics textbook mean. Ever wondered why you require a multi billion dollar LHC facility to do science. We here present you the excitement of science, especially physics on the scale that you can do at home, understand key concepts by doing simple experiments and also, have some fun with a liquid (nitrogen) at -320 Fahrenheit. Come join us for this highly interactive class.

Prerequisites
Curiosity and enthusiasm!

P4504: From Transistors to iPhone: The Amazing Journey of Clueless Teenage Electrons
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Ting

From the discovery of electron in 1897, to the invention of transistor in 1947, followed by the birth of Silicon Valley in the 1970's, and the arrival iPhone in 2007. 110 years in the making, the teenage electrons have finally arrived in your friendly neighborhood. Come and find out how these teenagers are shaping everything you do in your life, and what lies ahead when these electrons grow up to become adults!

Prerequisites
Ability to stay awake during the class

P4586: Introduction to Special Relativity
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Benjamin Spar

This class introduces students to the fundamental concepts behind special relativity. Using basic algebra skills, students will derive time dilation and length contraction from Einstein's postulates.

Prerequisites
Basic Algebra Skills

P4638: Chemistry of Cooking
Difficulty: *
Teachers: George Fei, Sonia Targ

Fun with food and I guess some science, too! We'll learn about scientific principles like fermentation, emulsification, and colligative properties with the help of yummy recipes along the way.

Prerequisites

Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

Given two points in the plane, what is the path connecting them that will carry a point traveling between the two points in the least amount of time? In general, what are the conditions under which there exists a conserved quantity (such as linear or angular momentum)?

To answer these questions, it will help considerably to recast Newton’s laws in an equivalent but much more powerful form instead of working with Newton’s laws directly. A more advanced grounding of mechanics, the so-called Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms, provides the theoretical underpinnings for much of physics as we know it today.

We will derive the so-called Lagrange and Hamilton equations and explain some of their implications on thermodynamics and quantum mechanics.

Prerequisites
AP Physics C or equivalent. (Even if you have not formally taken AP Physics, knowledge of basic calculus and introductory mechanics should suffice.)

P4501: Fun with Chemistry!
Difficulty: **

Chemistry is exciting and it happens all around us every day. In this class we will talk about the states of matter, a little about polymers (like plastics), and really anything else that gives us a chance to do cool demos for you all! You may get a chance to make a souvenir to take home, too. You'll just have to come and find out!

P4639: History of Physics
Difficulty: **

Physics is often considered the oldest science, and thinkers since the Ancient Greeks have long been debating fundamental questions about space, time, the constituents of the universe, and how they interact. These ideas have certainly evolved over time as physicists are constantly revising the work of the past, often leading to entirely new trends in scientific thought. Thomas Kuhn describes these as "paradigm shifts" in The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.

In this class, we will revisit these basic questions, asking ourselves what it truly means for something to be a physical theory, and for a theory to be fundamental. We will consider and discuss a definition of physics and what it seeks and does not seek to prove. We will start with how Aristotle and his contemporaries addressed these issues, then discuss the scientific revolution and how Newton's groundbreaking philosophy changed the course of physics until the 20th century. We will finally discuss the breakdown of Newtonian physics, and how quantum mechanics and Einstein's theory of relativity came to the forefront of physics research. We will end by discussing current research in physics, including string theory, quantum gravity, and cosmology, and talk about how these new theories address the same difficulties physicists have faced throughout history.

There is no prerequisite for this class. We will go over all the relevant theories of physics on a very conceptual level. However, students with extended background in physics, or an interest in deeper mathematical insight into physical theories are encouraged to attend, as we will distribute additional material at a more advanced level for interested students. Students interested in philosophy and the philosophy of science are especially encouraged to sign up!

P4469: Introduction to Mathematical Physics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Guillermo Angeris

In high school physics, teachers often talk about how to solve problems concerning pulleys and gravity and such.

The thing is that physics is not always about solving for how large of a lever do you need to lift an elephant; or, say, how large the electric field is around a wire. These can be interesting problems, sure, but I'm not sure I've ever been excited about finding how much force I need to push a box uphill.

Modern classical physics concerns itself with symmetries that happen in the universe and how these symmetries pop up tells us about the mysterious ways that Nature behaves; and maybe give us a hint towards the deeper connections the emerge between Nature and mathematics.

Prerequisites
A small introduction to calculus; I will try to cover the idea of limits and build up from there, but it's not always easy to grasp everything from a first go.

P4548: Group theory for chemistry
Difficulty: **

We will explore the beautiful world of symmetry and specifically in molecular structures

P4739: Quantum Mechanics
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

An overview of elementary quantum theory.

Prerequisites
Knowledge of elementary calculus.

P4570: The Shape of the Earth Full!
Difficulty: *

"Is there anyone so senseless as to believe that (on the other side of the earth) there are men whose footsteps are higher than their heads?... That crops and trees grow downwards? That the rains and snow and hail fall upwards to the earth?" (Lactantius, 4th century CE)

There was a time when people across different cultures believed that the earth was more or less flat, not because they were stupid in any way, but because reasoning by common sense led them to it. Even many of the best philosophers in ancient Greece adhered to some version of a flat earth viewpoint. How did some of the philosophers (or 'scientists' of the time) begin to claim that the earth was spherical? What observations and arguments led them to it? In this course, we will imagine travelling back in time to the ancient world, two thousand years before the advent of modern science, and understand how educated people convinced themselves and the others that the earth was really spherical, without satellite pictures and the ability to circumnavigate the world. We will look at the mixture of right and wrong arguments offered by the key philosophers and astronomers of the time, including Aristotle and Ptolemy. Along the way, we will also understand the physics of Aristotle (which was the dominant physics for 2000 years), and the ancient astronomical explanations of eclipses and the phases of the moon.

Note: This is a history of science class, not a regular science class.

P4611: Discover the Science Behind Mentos and Soda in Competing Groups!
Difficulty: **

Can we unlock the mystery behind Mentos and Soda? Why does it expload? Several Stanford student "professors" each have a different idea about the cause of the newly discovered Mentos reaction. Each professor will recruit a small group of you to join the professor in investigating a hypothesis. You will do experiments to test the hypothesis, then present your findings to the other groups. What will we discover? Wear sunscreen/ hat; we will be outside.

Prerequisites
NONE

P4630: Marking Cancer Through Molecules
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Devleena Samanta

Come find out how mass spectrometry based imaging can help to differentiate cancerous tissue from normal tissue

P4719: From Blackbodies to Black Holes: What’s Physics All About?
Difficulty: **

Join our 105 minute long discussion seminar exploring the coolest fields in modern physics. Physics majors Connor Holland, Max Drimmer, and Kevin Chaves will each lead a 30 minute discussion about their favorite areas of physics. This is open to all highschool students and all levels of interest in physics.
Connor Holland will be exploring the quantum realm. Join me as I delve into the quantum realm! I’ll start by explaining what started it all - blackbody radiation. From there we’ll explore the mechanism behind superconductivity and finish with an application of superconductivity I am currently researching.
Max Drimmer will be exploring the universe (dark energy specifically)! He will talk about how physicists probe the properties of the universe from earth, how they can tell that the universe is expanding, create models for the expansion of the universe, and show that dark energy exists He will also mention future experiments hoping to probe further than ever before.
Kevin Chaves will be exploring cosmic rays and the use of cloud chambers. He will discuss where cosmic rays come from and what information they carry with them. He will also demonstrate how a cloud chamber works and how it opens the unseen word of cosmic rays right before your eyes.

Prerequisites
An interest in physics, little to no background in the different fields of physics is fine.

P4734: Exploring Einstein's Special Relativity
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

As Einstein posited at the turn of the last century, if we accept that the speed of light is the universal “speed limit” and that the laws of physics are the same to all inertial observers, then a simple thought experiment reveals stunning inconsistencies in the foundations of Newtonian physics.

The theory of special relativity is elegant enough that starting with nothing but two simple postulates and a little algebra, we can derive and explain all of the fundamental results. We will also discuss some rudimentary aspects of relativistic dynamics (which requires a third assumption).

P4556: Intuition in the Quantum Realm
Difficulty: *
Teachers: John Dodaro

The wacky world of quantum mechanics has a reputation of being unintuitive. As Richard Feynman put it: "I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics." While the theory is extremely successful in its predictions, this lack of intuition can keep one up at night upon first exposure to the subject. In this class, we will talk about another "interpretation" of quantum mechanics known as the "pilot wave interpretation". It involves the same equations and predictions, but a different perspective of the theory offering some intuition about the microscopic world. We will discuss measurement, non-locality, and cats in boxes.

Prerequisites
Familiarity with Newton's laws and some calculus.

P4644: Calendar Astronomy
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ye Wang

How did we come up with the notion of a day, a month, a year? How do oracles and prophets of the past predict celestial events with unbelievable precision?
This class will give an introduction to the periodic nature of our solar system that gave rise to the formation of the calendars of various cultures, and show you how you can become a prophet too!

Prerequisites
Good grasp of mathematics, especially algebra.

P4528: The Science of Jurassic Park Full!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Samantha Zarate

Why is a Brontosaurus simply wrong? What's so special about the La Brea Tar Pits? Are organisms that have been dead for millions of years really that interesting?

The real question: Who hasn't always wanted to know more about dinosaurs and fossils? Come and fulfill your childhood dream of learning the basics of paleontology, mistakes Steven Spielberg made in Jurassic Park, and more!

Why? Because dinosaurs are cool.

Prerequisites
None - you don't even need to have seen Jurassic Park; this is just a basic paleontology class! BUT fair warning: this class will majorly spoil the movie if you haven't seen it.

P4584: Great Scientists: Kepler
Difficulty: **

Want to know how we moved from a geocentric model to the heliocentric model of the universe? Did you know the person after whom NASA named one of their space shuttle? Learn about the key scientific figure, Kepler, who was instrumental in putting the heliocentric model of Copernicus on firm ground. In this course, we will see how his tenacity and perseverance led to development of his three laws of planetary motion that inspired Newton’s universal of gravitation. Along the way, we will look at his legendary tussle with Tycho Brahe without whose observations Kepler could not have made much headway in his theories. We add to this, his work in explaining human vision and behavior of telescopes and his work on logarithms. And we will look at Kepler and his times, how his religious beliefs influenced his writings, how he devoted as much time to astrology as to astronomy and much more.

P4725: Build Your Own Cosmic Ray Detector!
Difficulty: **

In 1956, C.L. Stong wrote in a Scientific American column: "If you fasten a disk of alcohol-soaked blotting paper in the bottom of a jar, screw on the lid and up-end the jar on a cake of dry ice, you will occasionally see the concluding phase of an event which may have had its origin millions of years ago in an exploding star." In this class, students will learn how to build their own cloud chambers to detect cosmic radiation, while learning a bit about the physics behind them.

P4527: Introduction to Special Relativity
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Alexandre Gauthier

Special relativity describes the behavior of systems moving at speeds close to the speed of light. For some reason, this subject has a reputation for being very difficult to understand. But really, you don't need any fancy math or physics to learn the basic principles of relativity - all you need is algebra.

This course will introduce some of the bizarre behaviors of relativistic systems, including time dilation and length contraction. These phenomena will be algebraically derived, and apparent paradoxes will be discussed. We will also discuss the historical events leading to the discovery of special relativity.

Prerequisites
A solid understanding of algebra. Basic physics knowledge would be helpful, but is not necessary.

P4567: Discovering DNA with Diffraction
Difficulty: **

The DNA Double Helix is one of the most iconic images in all of biology. But how did we figure out what shape DNA is? It is far too small to see with visible light, but it was "imaged" by Rosalind Franklin using x-rays in 1951.

In this interactive class we will use lasers to demonstrate the diffraction of light, and then show how it can be used to measure very small structures. We will see how it is possible to use the diffraction pattern of DNA to uncover the double helix, and even make our own measurements.

Come to learn about the wild things you can discover when you mix physics with biology!

Prerequisites
Some physics experience helpful, but we will cover all the required physics in the class.

P4634: Chaos and fractals
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Chunjing Jia

If you want to know more about unpredictable and nonlinear sciences, the butterfly effect, and the beautiful fractal patterns, please come to my class. I will tell you the physics behind them, and present a number of interesting examples.

P4664: Why is the Earth a Magnet?
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Melanie Cahill

Have you ever wondered why the earth is a huge magnet? Why our compasses point north? It's more complex than you might think! If you like science of all kinds, this class is for you. Come prepared to think critically, apply scientific topics to a real WORLD situation (get it), and finally be able to say you know why the earth is a magnet!

Prerequisites
Though this class has no prerequisites, we will be discussing some difficult scientific concepts so an enthusiastic mind is required!

P4585: Great Scientists:Newton
Difficulty: **

Considered by some to be the greatest “scientist” (natural philosopher would be the word used back then!) of all time, Newton shaped the modern world in ways too numerous to mention. In this course, we will go through his most important contributions: the laws of optics, the binomial theorem, integral and differential calculus, laws of motion and above all his crowning glory, the universal law of gravitation. But we won’t stop there! We will also discuss his other “outlandish” interests like alchemy and iconic fights with contemporary scientists like Leibniz and Hooke that divided continental Europe and England. Let us embark on the journey to understand the complete man that Newton was: a loner, a genius, a celibate, a heretic and a bitter critic of his rivals and the first person in England to get state funeral whose attainment lay in the realm of the mind.

P4738: All of Physics* in Two Hours
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: Lawrence Chiou

If you're not sure what physics course to choose, you might as well take all of them at the same time. (At one Splash there were five classes on special relativity and six on quantum mechanics.)

Starting with Newton's laws, we will proceed to explain all of classical mechanics and electromagnetism (including analytical mechanics and special relativity), then go on to wave mechanics, statistical mechanics, and quantum mechanics.

*[Admittedly, this is a far stretch from "ALL of physics," but it does include the fundamentals of what was known from the 1680s to the 1930s. In any case, if you're ready to see quantum field theory (or have a very good idea of what that is), then this class is probably too easy for you, anyway.]

Prerequisites
If you feel up to the challenge, you should be able to understand most of the class if you have a knowledge of basic physics concepts (e.g., Newton's laws, force, kinematics) and some elementary trigonometry (this is basically a polite way of saying that there are no real prerequisites). However, to understand ALL of All of Physics, you probably will need a bit of single-variable calculus and a knowledge of mechanics around the level of AP Physics C (in other words, don't complain that I misrepresented the difficulty of this class).

Social Science

S4553: Understanding US-China Relations
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Enze Chen

The rise of China has been a hot topic in recent times, especially with the setting up of institutions like the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the One Road, One Belt initiative. Going forward, how the U.S. reacts to China and the relationship of the two powers will determine the course of world history.

Ever struggled to understand the complex social, political, and economic issues surrounding China and the U.S. you see in the news? Join the class! No previous knowledge is needed, just a curious mind.

S4716: What if you had to walk to Germany?
Difficulty: *

The civil war in Syria is one of the worst humanitarian crises of our time. More than 10 million people have been displaced and more than 200,000 people have died as a direct result of the five-year conflict that has shown no signs of abating. The United Nations Children's Fund, or UNICEF, has been heavily involved in relief efforts for the crisis: increasing access to quality health care, promoting non-discriminatory access to education and strengthening national child protection systems. In this class, we will learn about UNICEF & its missions, the Syrian refugee crisis and about what you can do to contribute to the cause. Through videos, presentations and discussions, we will come to know of the severity of the crisis and the critical state of millions who fight to stay alive each day. The power you hold to create positive, disruptive change in this world is not trivial; it is our hope that with the knowledge you gain from this class, you will harness that power in whatever capacity you can to change the lives of the millions of refugees waiting for a brighter day.

S4486: Discover the Other Facets of AFRICA
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Pascale Guiton

It is very true that poverty and war plague the African continent, but this course will introduce you to the beautiful people and the cultural diversity and riches of the craddle of life: The African Continent.

Prerequisites
Interests in other cultures

S4538: How People Influence People: An Introduction to Social Psychology
Difficulty: *

This course is an interactive exploration of major concepts of social psychology -- ranging from the ways in which we conform to others, to social influence by the media. We will discuss famous experiments in social psychology such as the Asch, Milgram and Prison experiments, and their historical (e.g. during World War II) and present-day (e.g. stereotyping) relevance. We will also discuss using psychological principles to inspire social change.

S4723: It's a Magical World: Having fun with Geography
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Akshay Rajagopal

For many people, the thought of placing "fun" and "Geography" in the same sentence would seem strange. Indeed, Geography is a relatively underappreciated subject in the US. In reality, it is an incredibly exciting and enjoyable field. Learn from the 2008 National Geographic Bee Champion about some of the many ways to engage with geography, including the National Geographic Bee for middle school students and the USA Geography Olympiad for high school students.

S4456: How to Get What You Want
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Marcus Gomez

All of us humans operate in similar and predictable ways. Researchers dedicate their lives to figuring out what these ways are, but why let the scientists have all the fun? In this class, I'll teach you how to leverage those similarities to get (almost) anything you want from your peers, classmates, strangers, and any other person with a brain. Material pulled from social psychology and behavioral studies with topics including influence theory, decision theory, and applied rationality. No prior knowledge necessary!

S4694: Why be nice?: The science of cooperation
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Natalia Velez

Let's face it: humans don't have tough outer shells, strong claws, or sharp senses—in fact, we don't have much at all to protect us from the outside world. And yet we have spread to all continents (and even beyond this planet), beaten back disease, and created astonishing, enduring works of art and literature. All, I'd argue, because of our big, convoluted brains working in concert.

This class will explore the science of cooperation and altruism. We'll look at evidence of cooperation throughout the animal kingdom—from insects to bats to human babies—and face the big questions: are humans somehow unique in their ability to cooperate? What is the point of being nice to one another, in the grand, evolutionary sense of things? And are humans born helpful and later corrupted by the world, or born selfish and later ennobled?

Prerequisites
If you are interested in psychology, neuroscience, evolution, economics, or philosophy, come by!

S4607: An Experiment in Organizational Communication
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Christine Jarjour

Working in groups seems to always lead to miscommunication. In small groups this is manageable-- but what happens when an organization has to manage teams of hundreds of employees? Strong communication networks are what allow companies to get big without malfunctioning.

Using ourselves as the subjects, in this class we'll do an experiment to pinpoint why and how communication breaks down in organizations. We'll then talk about ways organizations can work to combat miscommunication and how you can avoid miscommunication when working with people.

S4659: Feminism as told by celebrities
Difficulty: *

What do Beyonce, Nicki Minaj,Taylor Swift, Emma Watson, Amy Schumer, Ryan Gosling, and Joseph Gordon-Levitt all have in common? Besides for Twitter feuds and having more money than anyone could ever know what to do with, each of these celebrities also publicly identifies as a feminist. In this class we will examine the narratives and perspectives presented by each of these celebrities and more, and discuss how our daily lives might be similar or different.

S4686: The Birth of Science
Difficulty: **
Teachers: David Carreon

Where did science come from? Who were the heroes who invented it? Why wasn't it invented sooner?

In this class, we'll talk about the exciting story of how we went from alchemy to chemistry, from astrology to astronomy. We'll talk about the epic debate about whether it was the earth or the sun in the center of the universe, discussing the discoveries and politics involved. You'll hear about popes and kings, monks and bishops, and even a few professors.

If that's not enough, I'll tell you:

*Why practically nobody thought the earth was flat
*How Galileo accomplished the greatest troll of all time
*Why it's really hard to prove that the earth revolves around the sun (without satellites)

S4693: Fixed Mindsets and Stereotype Threats
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jenny Han

Come learn about the power that our thoughts and preconceptions have over our ability to perform, academically and beyond. We will learn about mindsets, stereotype threats, the model minority myth, the bamboo ceiling, and how these concepts are implicated in many famous inspirational quotes, campaign ads, in the news, and elsewhere in our daily lives.

S4706: Education and the Future of Work
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Ben Lei

What is missing from school curricula? What are the long-term consequences of the Common Core? How is the world economy doing? Why aren't US wages increasing?

This class will cover these questions and more!

Using a mix of discussions and case studies, we'll be digging beyond current events into the underlying causes and trends. This class is the culmination of many refinements over the years, so I hope to see you there. :)

Prerequisites
Be ready to participate and speak your opinion! This class isn't complicated per se, but is very fast-paced. Interested ninth graders are welcome, though be aware that this class is targeted towards 10th-12th graders.

S4606: The Pagan Revival in the Western World
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Valerie Voigt

Why is there a revival of Pagan religions in the USA and beyond? How did it start? When? Whose idea was it? What's a Pagan religion, anyway? This class will present an overview, with plenty of time for questions, and will include a bibliography for further study.

S4574: An Introduction to Economics
Difficulty: **

What is economics? Why are politicians so concerned with fiscal policy? What is fiscal policy?? Who are John Maynard Keynes and Milton Friedman anyway?
“An Introduction to Economics” will answer all these vital questions plus more.
In this class, we will cover the fundamental economic concepts you need to know for school and life.
If you enjoy history, come on down and learn about the invisible economic forces acting on the world’s historical narrative. If you are an aspiring politician, this class is perfect for you too! If you enjoy math, we need you as well in order to help us solve important problems involving price elasticity and GDP. “An Introduction to Economics" has something to offer everyone. See you there!

Difficulty: **
Teachers: Samantha Zarate

Treason! Affairs! Murder!

Who changes the religious hierarchy of England permanently just to call off a marriage? King Henry VIII does. This redheaded, temperamental monarch of medieval England might seem like an obscure historical figure, but in fact he lived a very interesting life. He married six times and personally beheaded two of his wives, all in an attempt to have a male son. This course will primarily cover the lives (and deaths) of Henry VIII and his six wives with plenty of violence, plotting, and drama in a storytelling fashion. We will also touch on the political goings-on of western Europe at the time as they become relevant to the story.

The best part? It’s 100% true!

Prerequisites
None - all you need is an interest in juicy historical gossip and really good stories!

S4589: Two and a Half Agnostics: Theology and Religion from Three Perspectives
Difficulty: **

A theist, an antitheist, and an agnostic atheist walk into a lecture hall, and the class begins! Learn about what these terms mean, the history of religion, and the nature of truth itself.

S4533: Barbie and the Brain: How children's media affects girls
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Danielle Stagger

To what extent is the love for all things pink inherent to young girls? Does urging girls to take on the Caretaker title when engaging in family role play support the idea that women are inferior, or live in subordination to men? What does the mass success of the Disney Princess franchise mean for the idea of womanhood in America? This class will explore the effects of toys, television, and advertisement on the young female psyche in America.

S4539: Milkshakes & Meditation: From Mindsets to Mindfulness
Difficulty: **

This is a crash course in the science of “mind over matter.” Drawing from exciting research in psychology, medicine, biology, and sociology we will discuss how mindsets - the beliefs, expectations, and assumptions that we hold - can help our bodies heal, reduce the negative outcomes of stress, and help us to lead healthier lives. We’ll also be giving an overview of “mindfulness,” or the practice of training our attention, which has been shown to help us feel calmer, connect more with others, and focus better on our homework! Students will have an opportunity to try out a mindfulness practice and share their own ideas about the effects of mindset in our everyday lives.

S4681: The Economics of Climate Change
Difficulty: **

Society has accepted the reality of climate change, but policies like carbon taxes still face strong opposition. By explaining the concept of externality, and estimating how much the prices of electricity, gasoline and beef will raise with the tax, students can inform their position on the debate.

S4708: Health Outside the Hospital
Difficulty: *

Have you ever wondered how your race, socioeconomic status, neighborhood, or social connections affect your health? Social determinants, such as these massively affect health and healthcare quality and access for people around the world. Come join Partners in Health Engage and contribute to discussions about preventative care and well-being worldwide. Learn about the interactions between these social determinants, and discover how you can get involved and make a difference in global health.

Prerequisites
none

S4740: Playing the Odds: An Intro to decsion modeling
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Albert Gehami

How much is the chance to win a \$100 dollars worth to you? Should you take a date to the park when there is a 30% chance of rain? These two questions, and many more weave together in the realm of decision analysis. People view probability in crazy, and often wrong ways. Become a better risk taker, and learn what it means to make good decisions.

S4576: The Wide World of Investing
Difficulty: **

We explore the broad world of investing through hands-on activities and case-studies.

Prerequisites
An interest in investing

S4608: Masons and Bavarians and Conspirators, O My!
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Valerie Voigt

For years we've been hearing conspiracy theories involving the Freemasons--that they're Satanists, that they secretly control the world through various shadowy front groups, that they're the Bavarian Illuminati in disguise... you name the wild story, and somebody has told it about the Freemasons.

Who are the Freemasons?

Who are the Bavarian Illuminati?

And what do they have to do with politics, a New World Order, and conspiracies?

Come learn about the Freemasons' important place in the history of mysticism--and the history of the world--what's fact, what's fantasy, and what's uncertain.

S4673: A Peculiar World
Difficulty: ***
Teachers: lara prior-palmer

Why does war repeat? What exactly is the definition of peace? And is there an alternative to the cycle? We will look at some of the 20th century's most brilliant thinkers, and have fun discussing them!

Prerequisites
Aspiration to unpack concepts!

S4636: Fixed Mindsets and Stereotype Threats
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Jenny Han

"I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious." -Albert Einstein

Come learn about the power that our thoughts and preconceptions have over our ability to perform, academically and beyond. We will learn about mindsets and stereotype threats, and how these concepts are implicated in many famous inspirational quotes, campaign ads, and elsewhere in our daily lives.

S4680: The US Government in Action
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Rohan Sampath

Learn about the Founding of the US Constitution and the way our system of government works - and participate in a live simulation! (You could get to be President or Speaker of the House for an hour!)

Prerequisites
Interest in US Government, willingness to participate in an awesome group simulation.

Visual and Performing Arts

V4492: Dance of the Overtones
Difficulty: **
Teachers: Vishesh Gupta

Have you ever wondered why music works the way it does?
We'll build the ideas of consonance (sounding good) and dissonance (sounding bad) from scratch, starting with the properties of a vibrating string!
Then we'll extend our ideas to the major scale/chord, with a focus on WHY these particular musical constructs sound the way they do.

Prerequisites
Should understand that sound is a wave composed of multiple frequencies, and be comfortable with algebra. You need NO understanding of music, although it will help to have played something before.

V4515: Stanford: Plein Air
Difficulty: *
Teachers: Shin Mei Chan

Plein Air means "open air." Instead of taking a picture of Stanford's gorgeous campus on your iPhone, we will spend time outside capturing the magnificent campus with pencil and paper and learn about the beauty of the campus as well as Plein Air art in this session. Come prepared with an enthusiasm for art and the outdoors!

V4629: Acting/ Motivational
Difficulty: **
Teachers: